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Himmler, T., Freiwald, A., Stollhofen, H. and Peckmann, J. 2008. Late Carboniferous hydrocarbon-seep carbonates from the glaciomarine Dwyka Group, southern Namibia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 257(1–2): 185–197


Description:

Late Carboniferous hydrocarbon-seep carbonates from the glaciomarine Dwyka Group, southern Namibia.

Summary / Notes:

Limestone deposits with columnar to lenticular geometry (max. 3.2 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter) occur within the uppermost part of the Ganigobis Shale Member, a marine mudstone unit capping the second deglaciation sequence of the glaciomarine Dwyka Group in southern Namibia. The limestones mainly consist of four authigenic carbonate phases (microspar, banded/botryoidal cement, yellow calcite, spheroidal calcite). Extremely negative δ13C values (as low as − 51‰ VPDB) indicate a hydrocarbon-derived origin of the carbonates with biogenic methane being the most likely carbon source. The limestones contain a low-diversity but high-abundance faunal assemblage of tubular fossils. These fossils closely resemble the tubes of modern and fossil seep-dwelling vestimentiferan tube worms in terms of size, shape, arrangement, and taphonomical patterns. Keywords: Hydrocarbon seeps, Karoo, Methane, Pennsylvanian, Vestimentiferans.

Year: 2008

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018207005020


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