More information:

Carter, K.D., Seddon, J.M., Frère, C.H., Carter, J.K. and Goldizen, A.W. 2013. Fission–fusion dynamics in wild giraffes may be driven by kinship, spatial overlap and individual social preferences. Animal Behaviour, 85(2): 385–394


Description:

Fission–fusion dynamics in wild giraffes may be driven by kinship, spatial overlap and individual social preferences.

Summary / Notes:

Many species exhibit fission–fusion dynamics, yet the factors that influence the frequent changes in group size and membership in these species have not been widely studied. Social ties may be influenced by kinship but animals may also form preferred associations because of social attraction or may only associate because they have similar habitat preferences. We investigated the association patterns of 535 wild giraffes, Giraffa camelopardalis, in Etosha National Park, Namibia using behavioural and genetic data from individually identified giraffes. We collected 726 records of group composition over a 14-month period and calculated pairwise association indices, which were tested against a null model. We found that female–female pairs, but not male–male pairs, showed both preferred and avoided relationships. We tested whether females' relationships could be explained by the degree of relatedness between pairs and whether pairs overlapped spatially. Correlations between matrices of pairwise associations, spatial overlap and relatedness showed that female–female associations were strongly correlated with amounts of spatial overlap and pairs that exhibited preferred relationships were more closely related than would be expected by chance. However, only about one-quarter of the variation in observed associations could be explained by spatial overlap and relatedness and therefore much of this variation may have been related to individual social preferences. Keywords: association pattern, fission–fusion sociality, genetic relatedness, Giraffa camelopardalis, giraffe, half-weight index, home range, preferred associate, sociality, spatial overlap.

Year: 2013

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347212005246


Top 50 related results:

You may also be interested in the following items which are on a similar or related topic, listed in order of similarity.

Results per page:

Results: 1 to 50 of 50

To FILTER: Use the pale green row to filter the results on this page. Type in text or select from the year list.

Rows matching filter(s): All
What is this row? 
Data titleYearOriginFile typeDownloadkml/kmz
Giraffid, the official newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group (GOSG)
  » More info & related results
 Journal Article
Zisadza, P., Gandiwa, E., van der Westhuizen, H., van der Westhuizen, E. and Bodzo, V. 2010. Abundance, distribution and population trends of hippopotamus in Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe :research article. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 40(2): 149-157
  » More info & related results
2010 Journal Article
Mendelsohn, J. 2016. Assorted observations and ideas on animal movements. RAISON. Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016
  » More info & related results
2016Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016Presentation8.35 mb pptx
Charif, R.A., Ramey, R.R., Langbauer, W.R., Payne, K.B., Martin, R.B. and Brown, L.M. 2005. Spatial relationships and matrilineal kinship in African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) clans. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57(4): 327–338
  » More info & related results
2005 Journal Article
Monadjem, A., Anderson, M.D., Piper, S.E. and Boshoff, A.F. (Eds). 2004. Vultures in The Vultures of Southern Africa - Quo Vadis?. Proceedings of a workshop on vulture research and conservation in southern Africa. Birds of Prey Working Group, Johannesburg
  » More info & related results
2004 Report1.32 mb pdf
Preview
Lindeque, M. 1997. Bias in aerial censuses of Elephants in Etosha National Park, Namibia. Madoqua, 19(2): 143-147
  » More info & related results
1997 Journal Article614 kb pdf
Preview
Rodwell, T.C. 1995. Caprivi Elephant Monitoring Project. Final Report (October 1992 to October 1995)
  » More info & related results
1995 Report1.94 mb pdf
Preview
Hitchcock, R.K. 2000. Water resource use and management in the Okavango system of southern Africa: the political economy of state, community and private resource control. Botswana Notes and Records, 31
  » More info & related results
2000 Journal Article
Killian, J.W. 2000. Aerial survey of Wildlife on the Waterberg Plateau Park. September 2000. Ministry of Environmenta and Tourism, Directorate of Resource Management, Division of Specialist Support Services
  » More info & related results
2000 Report4.31 mb pdf
Preview
NNF. 2008. Background information and species management guidelines for Namibia's rare and valuable wildlife - hippopotamus
  » More info & related results
2008 Book, Book Section, Booklet3.06 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 9(2), November 2015
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article2.32 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 9(1), May 2015
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article2.4 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 8(1), September 2014
  » More info & related results
2014 Journal Article3.19 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 7(2), December 2013
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article2.82 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 7(1), June 2013
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article1.72 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 3(1), June 2009
  » More info & related results
2009 Journal Article5.38 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 2(1), December 2008
  » More info & related results
2008 Journal Article1.75 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffid - Newsletter of the IUCN SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group, Volume 1(2), September 2007
  » More info & related results
2007 Journal Article1.12 mb pdf
Preview
Giraffa - Bi-Annual Newsletter of the International Giraffe Working Group (IGWG) Est. 2003, 1(1), 2006
  » More info & related results
2006 Journal Article613 kb pdf
Preview
Child, G. 1972. Water and its role in nature conservation and wildlife management in Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records, 4: 253-255
  » More info & related results
1972 Journal Article
De Villiers, P.A. and Kok, O.B. 1984. Verspreidingspatrone van olifante (Loxodonta africana) in Suidwes- Afrika met spesiale verwysing na die Nasionale Etoshawildtuin. Madoqua. 13(4): 281-296
  » More info & related results
1984 Journal Article1.61 mb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2015. Game counts in east Zambezi
  » More info & related results
2015 Poster709 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2015. Full moon waterhole counts: Nyae Nyae and N#a-Jaqna conservancies
  » More info & related results
2015 Poster756 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2015. Game counts: Khaudum North Complex
  » More info & related results
2015 Poster697 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2015. Game counts in north-central Namibia
  » More info & related results
2015 Poster931 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2015. Game counts in north-west Namibia
  » More info & related results
2015 Poster859 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2015. Game counts in north-west Namibia: Palmwag and Etendeka concession areas
  » More info & related results
2015 Poster804 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2014. Game counts in Bwabwata and Zambezi: Dry Season 2014
  » More info & related results
2014 Poster788 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2014. Game counts in Bwabwata: Dry Season – Live sightings
  » More info & related results
2014 Poster782 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2014. Game counts in east Zambezi: Dry Season 2014
  » More info & related results
2014 Poster693 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2014. Game counts: Khaudum North Complex
  » More info & related results
2014 Poster616 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2014. Game counts in north-central Namibia
  » More info & related results
2014 Poster897 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2013. Game counts in north-west Namibia, June 2013
  » More info & related results
2013 Poster2.3 mb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2013. Game counts in southern Namibia, May 2013
  » More info & related results
2013 Poster487 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2012. Game counts in Bwabwata and Caprivi: Dry Season 2012
  » More info & related results
2012 Poster235 kb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2012. Game counts in Caprivi Communal Conservancies: Dry Season 2012
  » More info & related results
2012 Poster212 kb pdf
Preview
Kahler, J.S. and Gore, M.L. 2015. Local perceptions of risk associated with poaching of wildlife implicated in human-wildlife conflicts in Namibia. Biological Conservation, 189: 49-58
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article
NACSO. 2010. Game counts in north-west Namibia, June 2010
  » More info & related results
2010 Report2.38 mb pdf
Preview
NACSO. 2007. Game counts in north-west Namibia, June 2007
  » More info & related results
2007 Report158 kb pdf
Preview
Ministry of Environment and Tourism - Save the Rhino: Connecting conservation and communities
  » More info & related results
2019 Website
Loutit, R. and Douglas-Hamilton, I. 1992. Report on an elephant count in the Cunene province, Namibia
  » More info & related results
1992DRFN DLIBReport12.84 mb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K. Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2001. Hoanib catchment study, Northwestern Namibia Fauna. Occasional Paper No. 16
  » More info & related results
2001DRFN DLIBReport75.93 mb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J., and Schneider, S. 2004. A study of animal movement in the Hoanib River catchment, northwestern Namibia. African Zoology, 39(1): 1-11
  » More info & related results
2004DRFN DLIBJournal Article5.54 mb pdf
Preview
Brown, C. 2016. Creating a national support mechanism for environmental NGOs: Namibian Chamber of Environment. Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016
  » More info & related results
2016Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016Presentation7.62 mb pptx
Aschenborn, O. 2016. African Wild Dog, Lion and Vultures - crossing borders searching for protein. MET/UNAM. Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016
  » More info & related results
2016Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016Presentation5.83 mb pptx
Owen-Smith, N. 2016. Information potentially gained from animal movements tracked using GPS collars. Wits University, RSA. Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016
  » More info & related results
2016Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016Presentation7.65 mb pptx
Killian, W. 2016. Variability in the movements of elephants across a steep environmental gradient in Namibia. Etosha Ecological Institute. Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016
  » More info & related results
2016Symposium on animal movements & satellite tracking in Namibia, November 2016Presentation7 mb pptx
Funston, P., Henschel, P., Petracca, L., Maclennan, S., Whitesell, C., Fabiano, E. and Castro, I. 2017. The distribution and status of lions and other large carnivores in Luengue-Luiana and Mavinga National Parks, Angola. KAZA TFCA (Secretariat) KAZA
  » More info & related results
2017 Report4.01 mb pdf
Preview
Brown, C., Goldbeck, M., Cooper, T., Cooper, S. and Gondwana Collection. 2013. Giraffe back in the Fish River Canyon area of southern Namibia after 160 years of local extinction. Giraffid, 7(2): 13-15
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article588 kb docx
Biggs, D., Holden, M.H., Braczkowski, A., Cook, C.N., et al. 2017. Breaking the deadlock on ivory: An iterative process that recognizes different value systems may help to protect elephants. Science, 358(6369): 1378-1381
  » More info & related results
2017 Journal Article1.85 mb pdf
Preview

» Links to useful free software for working with shapefiles, kml and kmz files, pdf files and more.