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Matson, T.K., Goldizen, A.W. and Jarman, P.J. 2004. Factors affecting the success of translocations of the black-faced impala in Namibia. Biological Conservation, 116(3): 359–365


Description:

Factors affecting the success of translocations of the black-faced impala in Namibia.

Summary / Notes:

This study analysed 21 translocations of the vulnerable black-faced impala (Aepyceros melampus petersi) to 20 Namibian game farms that occurred between 1970 and 2001, seeking characteristics of the translocated populations and the release sites that significantly correlated with the success of the translocations. Characteristics considered were: initial population size; presence of cheetah and leopard; area; habitat type; occurrence within the historical range of the subspecies and occurrence of trophy hunting. Success of translocations was described by whether the population had a positive growth rate. The success rate of translocations of black-faced impala (62%) was higher than shown in other studies of vertebrate translocations. Initial population size was paramount to the success of translocations. Releases of larger populations were more likely to lead to positive population growth rates than were releases of small populations. The presence of cheetah also influenced the success of translocated populations. In the presence of cheetah, small populations translocated to game farms were significantly less likely to be viable than larger populations. Recommendations for the management of this vulnerable antelope include introducing large initial populations, ideally more than 15 animals, rather than attempting to eliminate cheetah following translocations of impala. Keywords: Translocation, Re-introduction, Black-faced impala, Aepyceros melampus petersi, Predation, Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus.

Year: 2004

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320703002295


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