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Miller, M.F. 1994. Large African herbivores, bruchid beetles and their interactions with Acacia seeds. Oecologia, 97(2): 265-270


Description:

Large African herbivores, bruchid beetles and their interactions with Acacia seeds.

Summary / Notes:

This study investigated the interactions of large African herbivores and bruchid seed beetles with Acacia seeds. The germination of bruchid-infested and uninfested seeds was compaed. The effects of pod consumption by large herbivores on bruchid infestation and seed germination was also assessed. Bruchid-infested seeds did germinate, and the germination of bruchid-infested and uninfested A. tortilis, A. nilotica and A. hebeclade seeds did not differ. Pod ingestion by large herbivores lowered the bruchid infestation of consumed and defaecated seeds compared to uningested seeds. Uninfested, ingested and voided A. tortilis seeds germinated seeds. Furthermore, infested A. tortilis seeds egested by giraffe, kudu and ostrich germinated better than infested, uningested seeds. Pod ingestion by large herbivores may reduce bruchid infestation, increase Acacia seed germination and therefore increase potential Acacia seedling recruitment. Keywords: Acacia seeds, Bruchids, Large herbivores.

Year: 1994

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00323159


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