More information:

Milton, S.J. and Dean, W.R.J. 2000. Disturbance, drought and dynamics of desert dune grassland, South Africa. Plant Ecology, 150(1-2): 37-51


Description:

Disturbance, drought and dynamics of desert dune grassland, South Africa.

Summary / Notes:

A seven-year study of marked plants and plots in Stipagrostis ciliata (Desf.) de Winter dune grassland, in the arid (<100 mm yr−1) Bushmanland area of the Northern Cape province of South Africa, was designed to test the hypothesis that establishment of ephemeral plants, and recruitment of perennial grasses was dependent upon disturbances that reduced the density of living perennial grass tussocks. In 1989, eight 4 m2 plots were cleared of perennial vegetation by uprooting and removing all plants so as to resemble small-scale disturbances made by burrowing mammals or territorial antelope. The vegetation on the cleared plots and surroundings was monitored until 1996. Initial results supported our hypothesis. In wet years, when ephemeral plants were abundant, their average fresh mass was 2–3 times greater per unit area on the cleared plots than in control plots in adjacent, undisturbed grassland. Many Stipagrostis seedlings established in the cleared plots over the two years following clearing but were rare in adjacent areas among established conspecifics. However, a drought in 1992 (11 mm of rain over 12 months) lead to widespread mortality of the perennial grass, killing 56% (range 22–79%) of established tufts. High densities of Stipagrostis seedlings appeared following the drought-breaking rains in January 1993, both in the disturbed plots and in the surrounding 'undisturbed' dune grassland.

Year: 2000

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1026585211708


Top 50 related results:

You may also be interested in the following items which are on a similar or related topic, listed in order of similarity.

Results per page:

Results: 1 to 50 of 50

To FILTER: Use the pale green row to filter the results on this page. Type in text or select from the year list.

Rows matching filter(s): All
What is this row? 
Data titleYearOriginFile typeDownloadkml/kmz
Yeaton, R.I. 1990. The structure and function of the Namib Dune grasslands: species interactions. Journal of Arid Environments, 18(3): 343-349
  » More info & related results
1990DRFN DLIBJournal Article
Espach, C., Lubbe, L.G. and Ganzin, N. 2009. Determining grazing capacity in Namibia with the aid of remote sensing. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, Volume 26(3): 133-138
  » More info & related results
2009 Journal Article
Danin, A. 1996. Adaptations of Stipagrostis species to desert dunes. Journal of Arid Environments, 34(3): 297–311
  » More info & related results
1996 Journal Article
Richter, C.G.F., Snyman, H.A. and Smit, G.N. 2001. The influence of tree density on the grass layer of three semi-arid savanna types of southern Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 18(2): 103-109
  » More info & related results
2001 Journal Article
Rasmussen, K., Fog, B. and Madsen, J.E. 2001. Desertification in reverse? Observations from northern Burkina Faso. Global Environmental Change, 11(4): 271-282
  » More info & related results
2001DRFN DLIBJournal Article
Boyer, D.C. 1989. Some characteristics of the plant communities of three dunes situated across a climatic gradient in the Namib Desert. Madoqua, 16(2): 141-148
  » More info & related results
1989DRFN DLIBJournal Article404 kb pdf
Preview
Veste, M . and Mohr, M. 2005. Vegetation der Lineardünen der zentralen Namib und deren Ionenhaushalt in Ökologische Forschung im globalen Kontext, pages 93-108, Cuvillier Verlag
  » More info & related results
2005 Book, Book Section, Booklet
Seely, M.K. 1978. Grassland productivity: the desert end of the curve. South African Journal of Science, 74: 295-297
  » More info & related results
1978DRFN DLIBJournal Article313 kb pdf
Preview
Higgins, S., Bond W.J., Trollope W.S.W. 2000. Fire, resprouting and variability: a recipe for grass-tree coexistence in savanna. Journal of Ecology, 88: 213 - 229
  » More info & related results
2000 Journal Article
Seymour, C.L. 2008. Grass, rainfall and herbivores as determinants of Acacia erioloba (Meyer) recruitment in an African savanna. Plant Ecology, 197(1): 131-138
  » More info & related results
2008 Journal Article
Goudie, A.S. 2009. Global Deserts and Their Geomorphological Diversity. Geomorphology of Desert Environments, 9-20
  » More info & related results
2009 Book, Book Section, Booklet
Ernst, W.H.O., Veenendaal, E.M. and Kebakile, M.M. 1992. Possibilities for dispersal in annual and perennial grasses in a savanna in Botswana. Vegetatio, 102(1): 1-11
  » More info & related results
1992 Journal Article
Seely, M.K. 1990. Patterns of plant establishment on a linear desert dune. Israel Journal of Botany, 39(4-6): 443-451
  » More info & related results
1990 Journal Article
van Rooyena, N. and van Rooyen, M.W. 1998. Vegetation of the south-western arid Kalahari: An overview. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 53(2): 113-140
  » More info & related results
1998 Journal Article
Vlieghe, K., Picker, M., Ross-Gillespie, V. and Erni, B. 2015. Herbivory by subterranean termite colonies and the development of fairy circles in SW Namibia. Ecological Entomology, 40: 42-49
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article
Zimmermann, J., Higgins, S.I., Grimm, V., Hoffmann, J. and Linstädter, A. 2010. Grass mortality in semi-arid savanna: The role of fire, competition and self-shading. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 12(2010): 1–8
  » More info & related results
2010 Journal Article274 kb pdf
Preview
Cramer, M.D. and Barger, N.N. 2013. Are Namibian "Fairy Circles" the consequence of self-organizing spatial vegetation patterning? PLoS ONE, 8(8): e70876
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article1.85 mb pdf
Preview
Meyer, J.J.M., Senejoux, F., Heyman, H.M., Meyer, N.L. and Meyer, M.A. 2015. The occurrence of triterpenoids from Euphorbia gummifera inside the fairy circles of Garub in the southern Namibian pro-desert. South African Journal of Botany, 98: 10–15
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article
Tarnita, C.E., Bonachela, J.A., Sheffer, E., Guyton, J.A., Coverdale, T.C., Long, R.A. and Pringle, R.M. 2017. A theoretical foundation for multi-scale regular vegetation patterns. Nature, 541: 398–401
  » More info & related results
2017 Journal Article
Harmse, C.J., Kellner, K. and Dreber, N. 2016. Restoring productive rangelands: A comparative assessment of selective and non-selective chemical bush control in a semi-arid Kalahari savanna. Journal of Arid Environments, 135: 39–49
  » More info & related results
2016 Journal Article
Nott, K. and Savage, M.J. 1985. Root distribution of Trianthema hereroensis in the Namib dunes. Madoqua, 14(2): 181-183
  » More info & related results
1985 Journal Article214 kb pdf
Preview
Ward, D. and Ngairorue, B.T. 2000. Are Namibia's grasslands desertifying?. Journal of Range Management, 53: 138-144
  » More info & related results
2000 Journal Article111 kb pdf
Preview
Strohbach, B.J., Adank, W.F., Coetzee, M.E. and Jankowitz, W.J. 2019. A baseline description of the soils and vegetation of Farm Klein Boesman, Khomas Region, Namibia. Namibian Journal of Environment, 3(A): 37-55
  » More info & related results
2019 Journal Article3.12 mb pdf
Preview
Jobst, P., Kakukuru, E., Kambutuku, J.R., Mouton, D., Netha, L., Nghitila, T.M., Shanyengana, S.E. and Siyambango, M.S. 1994. SDP 3: An investigation into the biophysical aspects and socio-economics of desertification in north western Namibia. (Climate variability, desertification and loss of biodiversity)
  » More info & related results
1994DRFN DLIBReport1.43 mb pdf
Preview
Robinson, E.R. 1977. List of plant species from the Mirabib Hill Area. Madoqua, 10(4): 295-297
  » More info & related results
1977 Journal Article8.04 mb pdf
Preview
Watson, A. 1980. Vegetation Polygons in the central Namib Desert near Gobabeb. Madoqua, 11(4): 315-326
  » More info & related results
1980 Journal Article1.37 mb pdf
Preview
Whitford, W.G., De Soyza, A.G., Van Zee, J.W., Herrick, J.E. and Havstad, K.M. 1998. Vegetation, Soil, and Animal Indicators of Rangeland Health. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 51(1-2): 179-200
  » More info & related results
1998DRFN DLIBJournal Article
Walter, H. and Breckle, S-W. 1986. The Namib Fog Desert in Southern Africa. Ecological Systems of the Geobiosphere, 1986: 274-315
  » More info & related results
1986 Journal Article570 kb pdf
Preview
Skarpe, C. 1986. Plant community structure in relation to grazing and environmental changes along a north-south transect in the western Kalahari. Vegetatio, 68(1): 3-18
  » More info & related results
1986 Journal Article
Burke, A. 2005. Vegetation types of mountain tops in Damaraland, Namibia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14(6): 1487-1506
  » More info & related results
2005 Journal Article
Leistner, O.A. and Werger, M.J.A. 1973. Southern kalahari phytosociology. Vegetatio, 28(5-6): 353-399
  » More info & related results
1973 Journal Article
Bester, F.V. 1988. Die bepaling van die grasproduksie van natuurlike veld. Agricola, 6: 26-30
  » More info & related results
1988Ministry of Agriculture, Water and ForestryJournal Article1.79 mb pdf
Preview
Gamo, M., Shinoda, M. and Maeda, T. 2013. Classification of arid lands, including soil degradation and irrigated areas, based on vegetation and aridity indices. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 34(19): 6701-6722
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article
Dames, R. 2009. Grass fed beef and the controlled fodder flow grazing management strategy, a model for the production of super healthy red meat for the Arid and Semi-Arid regions of Southern Africa. 13th Namibian Rangeland Forum - The role of biodiversity in rangeland management and policy, Neudamm Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Windhoek, Dates: 27-29 October 2009
  » More info & related results
2009 Presentation3.17 mb pdf
Preview
Vanderpost, C., Ringrose, S. and Matheson, W. 1998. Aspects of ecological change in the Botswana Kalahari. Botswana Notes and Records, 30: 121-138
  » More info & related results
1998 Journal Article
Scholz, H. 1972. The soils of the central Namib desert with special consideration of the soils in the vicinity of Gobabeb. Madoqua, 2(1): 33-51
  » More info & related results
1972 Journal Article4.36 mb pdf
Preview
Namibia Nature Foundation. 2016. An assessment of the economics of land degradation related to bush encroachment in Namibia. Final report, 26 February 2016
  » More info & related results
2016 Report1.26 mb pdf
Preview
Ramond, J-B., Pienaar, A., Armstrong, A., Seely, M. and Cowan, D.A. 2014. Niche-Partitioning of Edaphic Microbial Communities in the Namib Desert Gravel Plain Fairy Circles. PLoS ONE, 9(10): e109539
  » More info & related results
2014 Journal Article765 kb pdf
Preview
Jacobson, K., van Diepeningen, A., Evans, S., Fritts, R., Gemmel, P., Marsho, C., Seely, M., Wenndt, A., Yang, X. and Jacobson, P. 2015. Non-Rainfall Moisture Activates Fungal Decomposition of Surface Litter in the Namib Sand Sea. PLoS ONE, 10(5): e0126977
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article3.52 mb pdf
Preview
Zhang, H. and Sinclair, R. 2015. Namibian fairy circles and epithelial cells share emergent geometric order. Ecological Complexity, 22: 32–35
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article
Hoetzel, S., Dupont, L.M. and Wefer, G. 2015. Miocene–Pliocene vegetation change in south-western Africa (ODP Site 1081, offshore Namibia). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 423: 102–108
  » More info & related results
2015 Journal Article
Seely, M.K. and Ward, J.D. 2006. Dunes 2006 excursion - fieldguide: Ecological aspects of dunes in the central Namib desert
  » More info & related results
2006DRFN DLIBReport13 mb pdf
Preview
Wagner, T.C., Hane, S., Joubert, D.F. and Fischer, C. 2016. Herbaceous legume encroachment reduces grass productivity and density in arid rangelands. PLoS ONE, 11(11): e0166743
  » More info & related results
2016 Journal Article1.95 mb pdf
Preview
du Preez, D. 1996. Conservation priorities and management recommendations for the Erongo region coastal zone, Namibia. M.Sc. Degree, Department of Environmental and Geographical Science, University of Cape Town
  » More info & related results
1996 Thesis1.61 mb pdf
Preview
Marsh, B.A. 1990. The Microenvironment Associated with Welwitschia mirabilis in the Namib Desert. In Seely, M.K. (ed). Namib ecology: 25 years of Namib research, pp. 149-153. Transvaal Museum Monograph No.7, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria
  » More info & related results
1990 Book, Book Section, Booklet549 kb pdf
Preview
Grunewald, T. 2017. Rangeland management practices of commercial cattle farmers in the highland savanna of Namibia. Master of Environmental Management Thesis, Centre for Environmental Management, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences at the University of the Free State
  » More info & related results
2017 Thesis2 mb pdf
Preview
Luetkemeier, R. and Liehr, S. 2018. Drought sensitivity in the Cuvelai Basin: empirical analysis of seasonal water and food consumption patterns. In: Revermann, R., Krewenka, K.M., Schmiedel, U., Olwoch, J.M., Helmschrot, J. and Jürgens, N. (eds.) Climate change and adaptive land management in southern Africa - assessments, changes, challenges, and solutions. Biodiversity and Ecology, 6: 160-167. Klaus Hess Publishers, Göttingen & Windhoek
  » More info & related results
2018 Book, Book Section, Booklet1.56 mb pdf
Preview
Jones, R.W. and Jankowitz, W. 1985. Invasive alien plants in the Waterberg Plateau Park. In: Brown, C.J., Macdonald, I.A.W. and Brown, S.E. (Editors). Invasive alien organisms in South West Africa/Namibia. National Scientific Programmes Unit: CSIR, SANSP Report 119, 1985, page 16-18
  » More info & related results
1985 Book, Book Section, Booklet565 kb pdf
Preview
Tarr, P.W. and Loutit, R. 1985. Invasive alien plants in the Skeleton Coast Park, Western Damaraland and Western Kaokoland. In: Brown, C.J., Macdonald, I.A.W. and Brown, S.E. (Editors). Invasive alien organisms in South West Africa/Namibia. National Scientific Programmes Unit: CSIR, SANSP Report 119, 1985, page 19-23
  » More info & related results
1985 Book, Book Section, Booklet643 kb pdf
Preview
Vinjevold, R.D., Bridgeford, P. and Yeaton, D. 1985. Invasive alien plants in the Namib-Naukluft Park. In: Brown, C.J., Macdonald, I.A.W. and Brown, S.E. (Editors). Invasive alien organisms in South West Africa/Namibia. National Scientific Programmes Unit: CSIR, SANSP Report 119, 1985, page 24-27
  » More info & related results
1985 Book, Book Section, Booklet578 kb pdf
Preview

» Links to useful free software for working with shapefiles, kml and kmz files, pdf files and more.