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WWF. Deserts and xeric shrublands. Africa: Namibia. Prepared by: Amy Spriggs


Description:

Deserts and xeric shrublands. Africa: Namibia.

Summary / Notes:

This extremely arid ecoregion comprises shifting sand dunes, gravel plains and rugged mountains. The world's oldest desert, the Namib Desert has existed for at least 55 million years, completely devoid of surface water but bisected by several dry riverbeds. These riverbeds are vegetated and are home to a few ungulates, such as Hartmann's zebras. The south of the desert is extremely dry and even lacks dry riverbeds; gemsbok is the only large mammal to occur in this harsh environment. Thick fogs are frequent along the coast and are the life-blood of the desert, providing enough moisture for a number of interesting, highly-adapted animal species to survive. The Namib Desert is well protected in a series of National Parks, Recreation Areas and Protected Diamond Areas. The diamond areas require more formal protection when the lease on these areas expires in 2020.

Type: Website

URL: http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/at1315


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Joubert, E. and Louw, G.N. 1977. Preliminary observations in the digestive and renal efficiency of Hartmann's zebra Equus zebra hartmannae. Madoqua, 10(2): 119-121
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1977 Journal Article263 kb pdf
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Eifler, D. and Eifler, M. 2014. Escape tactics in the lizard Meroles cuneirostris. Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 383-389
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2014 Journal Article145 kb pdf
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Holter, P., Scholtz, C.H. and Stenseng, L. 2009. Desert detritivory: Nutritional ecology of a dung beetle (Pachysoma glentoni) subsisting on plant litter in arid South African sand dunes. Journal of Arid Environments, 73(12): 1090–1094
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2009 Journal Article1.52 mb pdf
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Eckardt, F.D. and Schemenauer, R.S. 1998. The Chemistry of Namib Desert Fog in Comparison with Coastal Desert Fog of Chile and Oman 187-190. Conference on fog and fog collection, Vancouver, Canada, 19-24 July 1998
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1998 Report100 kb pdf
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Irish, J. and Mendes, L.F. 1988. New genera and species of ultrapsammophilous Namib Desert Lepismatidae (Thysanura). Madoqua, 15(4): 275-284
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1988 Journal Article1.71 mb pdf
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Watson, R.T. and Irish, J. 1988. An introduction to the Lepismatidae (Thysanura: Insecta) of the Namib Desert sand dunes. Madoqua, 15(4): 285-293
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1988 Journal Article1.34 mb pdf
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Lawrence, R.F. 1962. Solifuges, scorpions and Chilopoda of the Namib Desert. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station, 10: 213-222
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1962 Journal Article1.44 mb pdf
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Beier, M. 1962. Pseudoscorpioniden aus der Namib-Wüste. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 24: 223-230
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1962 Journal Article1.16 mb pdf
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Meester, J. 1964. Revision of the Chrysochloridae I. the desert golden mole Eremitalpa Roberts. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station, 26: 1-8
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1964 Journal Article1.14 mb pdf
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Steyn, W.J. 1964. Angocosaurus skoogi (Andersson) - A new record from South West Africa (Reptiles). Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station, 24: 1-5
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1964 Journal Article987 kb pdf
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Kramer, L.B., van der Bank, F.H. and Wink, M. 2016. Marcusenius desertus sp. nov. (Teleostei: Mormyridae), a mormyrid fish from the Namib desert. African Journal of Aquatic Science, DOI: 10.2989/16085914.2015.1137855
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2016 Journal Article3.5 mb pdf
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Tschinkel, W.R. 2015. Experiments Testing the Causes of Namibian Fairy Circles. PLoS ONE, 10(10): e0140099
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2015 Journal Article23.68 mb pdf
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Marlin, D., Nicolson, S.W., Sampson, J.D.S. and Krüger, K. 2016. Insights into the pollination requirements of the only African wild tobacco, Nicotiana africana (Solanaceae) from the Namib Desert. Journal of Arid Environments, 125: 64–67
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2016 Journal Article
Murray, I.W., Fuller, A., Lease, H.M., Mitchell, D. and Hetema, R.S. 2016. Ecological niche separation of two sympatric insectivorous lizard species in the Namib Desert. Journal of Arid Environments, 124: 225–232
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2016 Journal Article
Fenwick, G.A. 1990. Origin and surface form of the Tsondab Sandstone formation, central Namib Desert
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1990DRFN DLIBBook, Book Section, Booklet73.4 mb pdf
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Ishida, Y., Van Coeverden de Groot, P.J., Leggett, K.E.A., Putnam, A.S., Fox, V.E., Lai, J., Boag, P.T., Georgiadis, N.J. and Roca, A.L. 2016. Genetic connectivity across marginal habitats: the elephants of the Namib Desert. Ecology and Evolution, 6(17): 6189–6201
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2016 Journal Article494 kb pdf
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Giovanni, C. and Conti, E. 2013. Opening and closing of burrows by the Namibian spider Ariadna sp. (Araneae: Segestriidae) in a year of heavy rainfall. The Journal of Arachnology,, 41(2): 215-218
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2013 Journal Article
Wirth, V. and Kondratyuk, S.Y., 2010. Neue Arten der Flechtenfamilie Teloschistaceae aus der Namibwüste und der Sukkulenten-Karoo (SW-Afrika). Herzogia, 23: 179 –194
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2010 Journal Article147 kb pdf
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Steckel, J., Penrith, M.L., Henschel, J., Brandl, R. and Meyer, J. 2010. A preliminary molecular phylogeny of the Namib Desert darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae). African Zoology, 45: 107-114
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2010 Journal Article
Williams, J.B. 2001. Energy expenditure and water flux of freeliving dune larks in the Namib desert: a test of the re-allocation hypothesis on a desert bird. Functional Ecology, 15: 175–185
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2001Bibliography compiled by Bird Database ProjectJournal Article754 kb pdf
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Berger-Dell’Mour, H.A.E. and Mayer, W. 1989. On the parapatric existence of two species of the Pedioplanis undata group (Reptilia: Sauria: Lacertidae) in the central Namib desert (Southwest Africa) with description of the new species Pedioplanis husabensis. Herpetozoa, 1(3–4): 83-95
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1989 Journal Article1.43 mb pdf
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Nagy, K.A., Clarke, B.C., Seely, M.K., Mitchell, D. and Lighton J.R.B. 1991. Water and energy balance in Namibian desert sand-dune lizards Angolosaurus skoogi (Andersson, 1916.). Functional Ecolology, 5(6): 731-739
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1991 Journal Article
Giess, W. 1969. Eine neue Aloe aus der Namib. Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München, 8: 123-126
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1969 Journal Article1.39 mb pdf
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Newlands, G. 1970. A description of Hadogenes lawrencei sp. nov. (Sorpiones) with a checklist and key to the South West African species of the genus Hadogenes. Madoqua, 2(1): 133-140
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1970 Journal Article894 kb pdf
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Sellnick, M. 1957. Eine neue Milbe aus der Namib, Südwestafrika (Acari, Oribatei). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 20(2): 250-256
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1957 Journal Article322 kb pdf
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Vogel, J.C. and Seely, M.K. 1977. Occurrence of C4 plants in the Central Namib Desert. Madoqua, 10(1): 75-78
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1977 Journal Article389 kb pdf
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Bornman, C.H., Elsworthy, J.A., Butler, V. and Botha, C.E.J. 1970. Welwitschia mirabilis: observations on general habit, seed, seedling, and leaf characteristics. Madoqua, 2(1): 53-66
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1970 Journal Article2.42 mb pdf
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Watson, R.T., Anelich, R. and Schutte, A.L. 1990. Fungi in the gut contents of Namib Desert dune Lepismatidae (Thysanura: Insecta). Madoqua, 17(1): 53-54
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1990 Journal Article150 kb pdf
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Pietruszka, R.D. 1988. Observations on sexual dimorphism and social structure in the lizard Angolosaurus skoogi (Cordylidae) of the northern Namib Desert dunes. African Zoology, 23(1): 47-51
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1988 Journal Article1.17 mb pdf
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Wharton, R.A. 1982. Observations on the behaviour, phenology and habitat preferences of the mydas flies in the central Namib desert (Diptera: Mydidae). Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 33(9): 145-151
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1982 Journal Article367 kb pdf
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Louw, G.N. and Hamilton, W.J. 1970. Physiological and behavioural ecology of the ultrapsammophilous Namib Desert tenebrionid, Lepidochora argentogrisea. Madoqua, 2(1): 87-95
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1970 Journal Article967 kb pdf
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Seely, M.K., Mitchell, D., Roberts, C.S. and McClain, E. 1988. Microclimate and activity of the lizard Angolosaurus skoogi on a dune slipface. African Zoology, 23(2): 92-102
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1988 Journal Article702 kb pdf
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A Chronology of Some Significant Events in Namib Research. In Seely, M.K. (ed). Namib ecology: 25 years of Namib research, pp. 1-3. Transvaal Museum Monograph No.7, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria
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1990 Book, Book Section, Booklet474 kb pdf
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Soderberg, K., Swap, R.J. and Macko, S. A. 2009. Fog-aerosol interactions in the coastal Namib Desert. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2009, abstract id. A51D-0138
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2009 Report
Adriaenssens, E.M., Van Zyl, L., De Maayer, P., Rubagotti, E., Rybicki, E., Tuffin, M. and Cowan, D.A. 2015. Metagenomic analysis of the viral community in Namib Desert hypoliths. Environmental Microbiology, 17(2): 480–495
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2015 Journal Article1.18 mb pdf
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Gordon, D.H. and Griffin, M. 1989. Genetic divergence and speciation in a Namib sand sea lizard, Aporosaura anchietae. Dunes 1989 Meeting, 14 to 17 August 1989, Swakopmund, Namibia, Abstract
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1989 Report
Lawrence, R.F. 1966. New and little known scorpions and solifuges from the Namib Desert and South West Africa. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station, 29: 1-11
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1966 Report1.53 mb pdf
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Seymour, R.S., Withers, P.C. and Weathers, W.W. 1998. Energetics of burrowing, running, and free-living in the Namib Desert golden mole (Eremitalpa namibensis). Journal of Zoology, 244(1): 107-117
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1998 Journal Article
Bombi, P. 2018. Potential impacts of climate change on Welwitschia mirabilis populations in the Namib Desert, southern Africa. Journal of Arid Land, 10: 10.1007/s40333-018-0067-1
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2018 Journal Article1.13 mb pdf
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Collins, C.E. and Higham, T.E. 2017. Individuals of the common Namib Day Gecko vary in how adaptive simplification alters sprint biomechanics. Scientific Reports, 7: 10.1038/s41598-017-15459-6
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2017 Journal Article3.06 mb pdf
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von Holdt, J., Eckardt, F. and Wiggs, G. 2017. Landsat identifies aeolian dust emission dynamics at the landform scale. Remote Sensing of Environment, 198: 229-243
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2017 Journal Article5.81 mb pdf
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Kärnefelt, I. 1988. Two closely related species of Caloplaca (Teloschistaceae, Lichenes) from the Namib Desert. Bothalia, 18(1): 51-56
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1988 Journal Article1.52 mb pdf
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Sérusiaux, E. and Wessels, D.C.J. 1984. Santessonia (Lecanorales, Buelliaceae) in the Namib desert (South West Africa). Mycotaxon, 19: 479-502
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1984 Journal Article15.88 mb pdf
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Eichhorn, B. and Vogelsang, R. 2007. A pristine landscape? Archaeological and archaeobotanical research in the Skeleton Coast Park, northwestern Namibia. In: Bollig, M., Bubenzer, O., Vogelsang, R. and Wotzka, H-P. (eds). Aridity, Change and Conflict in Africa, Chapter: A pristine landscape? Archaeological and archaeobotanical research in the Skeleton Coast Park, northwestern Namibia. Publisher: Heinrich-Barth-Institut, 145-165
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2007 Book, Book Section, Booklet31.05 mb pdf
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van der Walt, A.J., Johnson, R.M., Cowan, D.A., Seely, M. and Ramond, J.B. 2016. Unique microbial phylotypes in Namib Desert dune and gravel plain fairy circle soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiol, 82(15): 4592-4601
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2016 Journal Article1.39 mb pdf
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Gombeer, S., Ramond, J.B., Eckardt, F.D., Seely, M. and Cowan, D.A. 2015. The influence of surface soil physicochemistry on the edaphic bacterial communities in contrasting terrain types of the Central Namib Desert. Geobiology, 13(5): 494-505
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2015 Journal Article
Kaseke, K.F., Tian, C., Wang, L., Seely, M., Vogt, R., Wassenaar, T. and Mushi, R. 2018. Fog Spatial Distributions over the Central Namib Desert - An Isotope Approach. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 18: 49–61
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2018 Journal Article6.52 mb pdf
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Andersen, H., Cermak, J., Fuchs, J., Knippertz, P., Gaetani, M., Quinting, J., Sippel, S. and Vogt, R. 2019. Synoptic-scale controls of fog and low clouds in the Namib Desert. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-924
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2019 Journal Article6.23 mb pdf
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Ravi, S., Wang, L., Kaseke, K.F., Buynevich, I.V. and Marais, E. 2017. Ecohydrological interactions within "fairy circles" in the Namib Desert: Revisiting the self-organizationhypothesis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122, 405–414
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2017 Journal Article1.83 mb pdf
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Scott, L., Marais, E. and Brook, G.A. 2004. Fossil hyrax dung and evidence of Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation types in the Namib Desert. Journal of Quaternary Science, 19(8): 829-832
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2004 Journal Article

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