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El-Ghani, M.M.A. and Amer, W.M. 2003. Soil–vegetation relationships in a coastal desert plain of southern Sinai, Egypt. Journal of Arid Environments, 55(4): 607–628


Description:

Soil–vegetation relationships in a coastal desert plain of southern Sinai, Egypt.

Summary / Notes:

The present study provides an analysis of soil, vegetation types as well as structure and species distribution in 19 sites in El-Qaa plain along the Gulf of Suez (south Sinai, Egypt), and focuses on the environmental factors that control the species distribution. A total of 203 species belonging to 39 families of the vascular plants are recorded. Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Chenopodiaceae and Poaceae are the largest families. Grasses constitute only 9% of the recorded species, while the woody perennials (shrubs and sub-shrubs) are highly dominated (46%). Therophytes and chamaephytes are the most frequent, denoting a typical desert life-form spectrum. Floristic composition in the different geomorphologic landscape units showed differences in species richness. The highest mean species richness of 19.7±1.7 is recorded in the wadi channels. The lowest species richness values are recorded in the coastal shore and playas (6.0±1.4) and in the alluvial fans (mean of 8.4±1.6 species). Keywords: Arid ecosystems, Desert vegetation, Egypt, Multivariate analysis, Plant distribution, Edaphic factors, Plant communities.

Year: 2003

Type: Journal Article

Origin: DRFN DLIB

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014019630200318X


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