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McCarthy, T.S. and Ellery, W.N. 1994. The effect of vegetation on soil and groundwater chemistry and hydrology of islands in the seasonal swamps of the Okavango Fan, Botswana. Journal of Hydrology, 154(1-4): 169-193


Description:

The effect of vegetation on soil and groundwater chemistry and hydrology of islands in the seasonal swamps of the Okavango Fan.

Summary / Notes:

Evapotranspiration in the Okavango swamps exceeds rainfall by a factor of three, yet saline surface water is rare. Brines develop in the ground water beneath islands, however, and very strong lateral concentration gradients develop. These arise as a result of transpiration of trees which grow around the fringes of islands as well as by capillary evaporation of ground water from the interior of islands. Precipitation of calcite and amorphous silica from the ground water occurs beneath island fringes.

Year: 1994

Type: Journal Article

Origin: Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002216949490216X


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Gieske, A. 1996. Vegetation driven groundwater recharge below Okavango Delta, Botswana as a solute sink mechanism - an indicative model. Boswana Journal of Earth Science, 3: 33-37
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Dincer, T., Hutton, L.G. and Kupee, B.B.J. 1981. Study, using stable isotopes of flow distribution, surface-groundwater relations and evapotranspiration in the Okavango Swamp, Botswana. I.A.E.A, Vienna, Proc. Ser. SII/AUB/493: 3-26
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McCarthy, T.S., McIver, J.R. and Cairncross, B. 1986. Carbonate accumulation on islands in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. South African Journal of Science, 82Department of Geology and Botany, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg: 588-591
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McCarthy, T.S., Ellery, W.N. and Stanistreet, I.G. 1992. Avulsion mechanisms on the Okavango fan, Botswana: the control of a fluvial system by vegetation. Sedimentology, 39: 779-795
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Ellery, W. N., Ellery, K., Rogers, K.H., McCarthy, T.S.and Walker, B.H. 1993. Vegetation, hydrology and sedimentation processes as determinants of channel form and dynamics in the northeastern Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, 31: 10-25
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