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Stanistreet, I.G., Cairncross, B. and McCarthy, T.S. 1993. Low sinuosity and meandering bedload rivers of the Okavango Fan: channel confinement on the vegetated levees without fine sediment. Sedimentary Geology, 85: 135-156


Summary / Notes:

River channels on the Okavango Fan evolve from a system of connected flooded pools (malapos) in which rooted swamp vegetation grows and confines water flow causing incision. The resulting channel encourages further plant growth and the take over of a pioneer flora by a papyrus-dominated flora. Peat levees develop which further confine flow, allowing aggragation of the channel and its sediment fill to the point where waterloss becomes acute and avulsion become probable. Bedload meandering and low sinuosity fluvial channel systems are possible where vegetation is sufficient to produce confining peat levees.

Year: 1993

Type: Journal Article

Origin: Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.

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Ellery, K., Ellery, W.N., Rogers, K.H. and Walker, B.H. 1991. Water depth and biotic insulation: Major determinants of back-swamp plant community composition. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 1 no. 3: 149-162
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1991Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article2.26 mb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., Ellery, W.N. and Stanistreet, I.G. 1992. Avulsion mechanisms on the Okavango fan, Botswana: the control of a fluvial system by vegetation. Sedimentology, 39: 779-795
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1992Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article2.78 mb pdf
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Ellery, W. N., Ellery, K., Rogers, K.H., McCarthy, T.S.and Walker, B.H. 1993. Vegetation, hydrology and sedimentation processes as determinants of channel form and dynamics in the northeastern Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, 31: 10-25
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Gieske, A. Influence of shallow groundwater levels on outflow from the Okavango Delta, Botswana. University of Botswana, Geology Department, Gaborone, Botswana
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Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Report452 kb pdf
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Reavel, P.E., Lee, R.E. and White, R.E. 1973. Okavango hydrobiological project, first yearly report, 1972-1973. Department of Botany, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
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1973Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Report10.81 mb pdf
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Thompson, K. 1976. The primary productivity of African wetlands, with particular reference to the Okavango Delta. Okavango Delta Symposium, Proceedings of the Symposium on the Okavango Delta and its future utilisation, National Museum, Gaborone, Botswana
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McCarthy, T.S., Rogers, K.H., Stanistreet, I.G., Ellery, W.N., Cairncross, B. and Ellery, K. 1988. Features of Channel Margins in the Okavango Delta. Palaeoecology of Africa and the Surrounding Islands, 19. Southern African Society for Quaternary Research
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1988Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article665 kb pdf
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Cairnicross, B., Stanistreet, I.G., McCarthy, T.S., Ellery W.N., Ellery K. and Grobicki T.S.A. 1988. Palaeochannels (stone-rolls) in coal seams: Modern analogues from fluvial deposits of the Okavango Delta, Botswana, southern Africa. Sedimentary Geology, 57: 107-118
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1988Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article812 kb pdf
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Stanistreet, I.G. and McCarthy, T.S. 1993. The Okavango Fan and the classification of subaerial fan systems. Sedimentary Geology, 85 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam: 115-133
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1993Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article1.32 mb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., Ellery, W.N. and Ellery, K. 1993. Vegetation-induced, subsurface precipitation of carbonates as an aggradational process in the permanent swamps of the Okavango delta (fan), Botswana. Chemical Geology, 107: 111-131
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1993Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article1.35 mb pdf
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Cronberg, G., Gieske, A., Martins, E., Mengu, J.P. and Stenstrom, I-M. 1995. Hydrobiological studies of the Okavango Delta and Kwando /Lenyanti /Chobe River, Botswana, I surface water quality analysis. Botswana Notes and Records, 27: 151 - 226
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1995Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article6.43 mb pdf
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Gieske, A. 1996. Vegetation driven groundwater recharge below Okavango Delta, Botswana as a solute sink mechanism - an indicative model. Boswana Journal of Earth Science, 3: 33-37
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1996Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article344 kb pdf
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Wilson, B.H. and Dincer, T. 1976. An introduction to the hydrology and hydrography of the Okavango Delta. Okavango Delta Symposium, Proceedings of the Symposium on the Okavango Delta and its future utilization, National Museum, Gaborone, (Botswana Society)
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1976Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Report4.53 mb pdf
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Biggs, R.C. 1976. The effects of seasonal flood regime on the ecology of Chief's Island and the adjacent floodplain system. Okavango Delta Symposium, Proceedings of the Symposium on the Okavango Delta and its future utilization, National Museum, Gaborone
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1976Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Report4.46 mb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., Ellery, W.N., Rogers, K.H., Cairncross, B. and Ellery, K. 1986. The roles of sedimentation and plant growth in changing flow patterns in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. South African Journal of Science, 82: 579-584
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1986Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article538 kb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., McIver, J.R. and Cairncross, B. 1986. Carbonate accumulation on islands in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. South African Journal of Science, 82Department of Geology and Botany, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg: 588-591
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1986Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article367 kb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., McIver, J.R., Cairncross, J.R., Ellery,K. and Ellery, W.N. 1989. The Inorganic chemistry of peat from the Maunachira channel-swamp system, Okavango Delta, Botswana. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 53: 1077-1089
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1989Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article1.02 mb pdf
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Ellery, K., Ellery, W.N., McCarthy, T.S., Cairncross, B. and Oelofse, R. 1989. A peat fire in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, and its importance as an ecosystem process. African Journal of Ecology, 27: 7-21
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Ellery, K., Ellery, W., Rogers, K.H. and Walker, B. 1990. Formation, colonisation and fate of floating sudds in the Maunachira river system of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Aquatic Botany, 38: 315-329
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1990Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article934 kb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., McIver, J.R., Cairncross, B., Ellery, W.N. and Ellery, K. 1990. The inorganic chemistry of peat from the Okavango Delta, Botswana: implications for low-ash coal formation. International Journal of Coal Geology, 16: 143-146
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1990Bibliography compiled for Okavango River: The flow of a lifeline.Journal Article579 kb pdf
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McCarthy, T.S., Stanistreet, I.G. and Cairncross, B. 1991. The sedimentary dynamics of active fluvial channels on the Okavango fan, Botswana. Sedimentology, 38: 471-487
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McCarthy, T.S., McIver, J.R. and Verhagen, B. Th. 1991. Groundwater evolution, chemical sedimentation and carbonate brine formation on an island in the Okavango Delta swamp, Botswana. Applied Geochemistry, 6: 577-595
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McCarthy, T.S., Ellery, W. and Stanistreet, I.G. 1993. Lakes of the north eastern region of the Okavango swamps, Botswana. Z. Geomorph. N.F., 37(3): 273-294
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McCarthy, T.S. and Ellery, W.N. 1994. The effect of vegetation on soil and groundwater chemistry and hydrology of islands in the seasonal swamps of the Okavango Fan, Botswana. Journal of Hydrology, 154(1-4): 169-193
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McCarthy, T.S. and Ellery, N.W. 1997. The Fluvial dynamics of the Maunachira Channel system, northeastern Okavango Swamps, Botswana. Water SA, 23 No.2: 115-125
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Child, S.C. and Shaw, P.A. 1990. A floating island in the Okavango: Some observations made by Brian Wilson. Botswana Notes and Records, 22: 51-55
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Ellery, W.N., Ellery, K., Rogers, K.H., McCarthy, T.S. and Walker, B.H. 1990. Vegetation of channels of the northeastern Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, 28: 276-280
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