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Gridley, T., Elwen, S.H., Rashley, G., Badenas Krakauer, A. and Heiler, J. 2016. Bottlenose dolphins change their whistling characteristics in relation to vessel presence, surface behavior and group composition. Fourth International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Dublin, Ireland, 10-16 July, 2016


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Bottlenose dolphins change their whistling characteristics in relation to vessel presence, surface behavior and group composition.

Summary / Notes:

Cetacean watching from tour boats has increased in recent years. However, short- and long-term impacts of this industry on the behavior and energetic expenditure of cetaceans have been documented. Although multiple studies have investigated the acoustic response of dolphins to marine tourism, there are several covariates that could also explain some of these results and should be considered simultaneously. Here, we investigated whether common bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, inhabiting Walvis Bay, Namibia vary their whistle behavior in relation to boat presence, surface behavior and/or group composition. We detected an upward shift of up to 1.99 kHz in several whistle frequency parameters when dolphins were in the presence of one or more tour boats and the research vessel. No changes were demonstrated in the frequency range, number of inflection points or duration of whistles. Whistle occurrence and production rates increased when tour boats were present. High natural variation was detected in the whistle behavior of bottlenose dolphins over varying behavioral states and group composition. Anthropogenic impact in the form of marine tour boats can influence the vocal behavior of dolphins and such changes could have a long-term impact if they reduce the communication range of whistles or increase energy expenditure.

Year: 2016

Type: Report

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Gridley, T., Elwen, S.H., Rashley, G., Badenas Krakauer, A. and Heiler, J. 2016. Bottlenose dolphins change their whistling characteristics in relation to vessel presence, surface behavior and group composition. Fourth International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Dublin, Ireland, 10-16 July, 2016
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2016 Report833 kb pdf
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Elwen, S.H., Best, P.B., Reeb, D. and Thornton, M. 2009. Near-shore diurnal movements and behaviour of Heaviside's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus heavisidii), with some comparative data for dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus). South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 39(2): 143-154
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Martin, M.J., Elwen, S.H., Kassanjee, R. and Gridley, T. 2019. To buzz or burst-pulse? The functional role of Heaviside's dolphin, Cephalorhynchus heavisidii, rapidly pulsed signals. Animal Behaviour, In press
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Elwen, S.H., McGovern, B., Tregenza, N. and Gridley, T. 2016. Impacts of acoustic identity pinger tags on bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 27, 010040 (2016): doi: 10.1121/2.0000399
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Heiler, J., Elwen, S.H., Kriesell, H.J. and Gridley, T. 2016. Changes in bottlenose dolphin whistle parameters related to vessel presence, surface behaviour and group composition. Animal Behaviour, 117: 167–177
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Elwen, S.H., Thornton, M., Reeb, D. and Best, P.B. 2010. Near-shore distribution of Heaviside's (Cephalorhynchus heavisidii) and dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) at the southern limit of their range in South Africa. African Zoology, 45(1): 78-91
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