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UNESCO. 2013. World Heritage Sites in Namibia - Namib Sand Sea


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World Heritage Sites in Namibia - Namib Sand Sea

Summary / Notes:

Namib Sand Sea is the only coastal desert in the world that includes extensive dune fields influenced by fog. Covering an area of over three million hectares and a buffer zone of 899,500 hectares, the site is composed of two dune systems, an ancient semi-consolidated one overlain by a younger active one. The desert dunes are formed by the transportation of materials thousands of kilometres from the hinterland, that are carried by river, ocean current and wind. It features gravel plains, coastal flats, rocky hills, inselbergs within the sand sea, a coastal lagoon and ephemeral rivers, resulting in a landscape of exceptional beauty. Fog is the primary source of water in the site, accounting for a unique environment in which endemic invertebrates, reptiles and mammals adapt to an ever-changing variety of microhabitats and ecological niches. S24 53 7 E15 24 28 Date of Inscription: 2013. Criteria: (vii)(viii)(ix)(x). Property : 3,077,700 ha. Buffer zone: 899,500 ha. Ref: 1430.

Year: 2013

Type: Shapefile

URL: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1430

Download: World Heritage Site_Namib Sand Sea.zip (11 kb)


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Zhai, L., Berg, C., Cebeci, F., Kim, Y., Milwild, M., Rubner, M.F. and Cohen, R.E. 2006. Patterned Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Toward a Synthetic Mimic of the Namib Desert Beetle. Nano Letters, 6(6): 1213-1217
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Day, J.A. 1993. The major ion chemistry of some southern African saline Systems. Developments in Hydrobiology, 87: 37-59
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1993 Journal Article
Jürgens, N., Oldeland, J., Hachfeld, B., Erb, E. and Schultz, C. 2013. Ecology and spatial patterns of large-scale vegetation units within the central Namib Desert. Journal of Arid Environments, 93: 59–79
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Boyer, D.C. and Boyer, H.J. 1989. The status of alien invasive plants in the major rivers of the Namib Naukluft Park. Madoqua, 16(1): 51-58
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Robinson, D. 1990. Comments on the Reproductive Biology of the Namib Desert Dune Lizard, Aporosaura anchietae, During Two Years of Very Different Rainfall. In Seely, M.K. (ed). Namib ecology: 25 years of Namib research, pp. 163-168. Transvaal Museum Monograph No.7, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria
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Vogel, J.C. 2003. The age of dead trees at Sossusvlei and Tsondabvlei, Namib Desert, Namibia. Cimbebasia, 18: 247-251
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Brain, C.K. and Koste, W. 1993. Rotifers of the genus Proales from saline springs in the Namib desert, with the description of a new species. Hydrobiologia, 255-256(1): 449-454
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von Willert, D.J., Brinckmann, E., Scheitler, B. and Eller, B.M. 1983. Responses of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) to Increasing and Decreasing Water Stress in Plants in the Southern Namib Desert. Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology, 3: 155-163
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Lubke, R.A. 2013. Restoration of Dune Ecosystems Following Mining in Madagascar and Namibia: Contrasting Restoration Approaches Adopted in Regions of High and Low Human Population Density. In: Restoration of Coastal Dunes - Springer Series on Environmental Management, 199-215
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Knetsch, G. 1938. 15. Aus dem Sedimentstammbaum eines Trockengebietes (Beobachtung aus der südlichen Namib, Südwestafrika). Geologische Rundschau, 29(3-5): 334-347
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Bristow, C.S. and Lancaster, N. 2004. Movement of a small slipfaceless dome dune in the Namib Sand Sea, Namibia. Geomorphology, 59(1–4): 189–196
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Cooper, P.D. 1982. Water balance and osmoregulation in a free-ranging tenebrionid beetle, Onymacris unguicularis, of the Namib Desert. Journal of Insect Physiology, 28(9): 737–742
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Teller, J.T., Rutter, N., Lancaster, N. 1990. Sedimentology and paleohydrology of Late Quaternary lake deposits in the northern Namib Sand Sea, Namibia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 9(4): 343–364
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Burke, A. 2005. The extraordinary plant diversity of the Namib. Flamingo, Febraury 2005: 26-29
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Lancaster, N. 1983. Controls of Dune Morphology in the Namib Sand Sea. Developments in Sedimentology, 38: 261–289
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de Villiers, P.S. and Hanrahan, S.A. 1991. Sperm competition in the Namib Desert beetle, Onymacris unguicularis. Journal of Insect Physiology, 37(1): 7–8
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1991 Journal Article
Pickford, M. 1997. Lower Miocene Suiformes from the northern Sperrgebiet, Namibia, including new evidence for the systematic position of the Sanitheriidae. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences - Series IIA - Earth and Planetary Science, 325(4): 285–292
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Lindeque, M. and Lindeque, P.M. 1991. Satellite tracking of elephants in northwestern Namibia. African Journal of Ecology, 29(3): 196–206
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Sole, C.L., Scholtz, C.H. and Bastos, A.D.S. 2005. Phylogeography of the Namib Desert dung beetles Scarabaeus (Pachysoma) MacLeay (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Biogeography, 32(1): 75–84
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Kok, O.B. and Grobbelaar, J.U. 1985. Notes on the availability and chemical composition of water from the gravel plains of the Namib-Naukluft Park. Journal of the Limnological Society of Southern Africa, 11(2): 66-70
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Channing, A. 1975. Life histories of frogs in the Namib Desert. African Zoology, 11(2): 299-312
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Wiggs, G.F.S., Bullard, J.E., Garvey, B. and Castro, I. 2002. Interactions Between Airflow and Valley Topography with Implications for Aeolian Sediment Transport. Physical Geography, 23(5): 366-380
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Vogel, J.C. and Rust, U. 1987. Environmental changes in the Kaokoveld Namib Desert during the present millennium. Madoqua, 15(1): 5-16
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Burke, A. 2005. Biodiversity patterns in arid, variable environments – a case study of central Namib inselbergs and mountain floras. Mountain Research and Development, 25 (3): 228-234
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Shuuya, T., Berner, J., Krüger, G., Wassenaar, T. and Curtis, B. 2016. Understanding the spatial and temporal patterns of photosynthetic efficiency of Welwitschia mirabilis in the central Namib Desert. South African Journal of Botany, 103: 348–349
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Ward, J.D., Seely, M.K. and Lancaster, N. 1983. On the antiquity of the Namib. South African Journal of Science, 79(5): 175-183
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