More information:

Leggett, K.E.A., Brown, L.M. and Ramey, R.R. 2011. Matriarchal associations and reproduction in a remnant subpopulation of desert-dwelling elephants. Pachyderm, 49: 20-32


Description:

Matriarchal associations and reproduction in a remnant subpopulation of desert-dwelling elephants.

Summary / Notes:

This study focused on a subpopulation of desert-dwelling elephants in the Kunene region of north-western Namibia, where rainfall and resources are scarce, and the rate of reproduction and recruitment is low. This subpopulation can be considered a remnant; its oldest members are survivors of the war-related poaching that occurred in the region during the 1970s and 1980s, and its numbers have still not recovered to pre-war levels. Unlike less disturbed elephant populations with strong, multi-tiered matrilineal associations, previous research suggested that the associations in the Kunene subpopulation involved only loose affiliations lacking strong social bonds. Taking that study a step further, this manuscript examines the social structure of all adult females (n=14) in the subpopulation, based on observational data combined with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data. A network analysis was generated from nearly eight years of association data. It was found that female desert-dwelling elephants live in first-tier/family units or small second-tier/family groups, and in at least two cases these include unrelated adult females. Associations at the level of third-tier/bond groups are rare and transitory, and there was no evidence of these being dominated by a single female or matriarch. The matrilineal social structure in this subpopulation is consistent with reports from other poached or culled elephant populations in Africa. Collectively, the results of these studies are inconsistent with the classic model of elephant social structure—stable, strictly matrilineal societies—especially in cases where poaching or culling has occurred, even if it transpired decades previously. Keywords: matriarchal associations, desert-dwelling elephants, Namibia.

Year: 2011

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://www.pachydermjournal.org/index.php/pachy/article/view/208


Top 50 related results:

You may also be interested in the following items which are on a similar or related topic, listed in order of similarity.

Results per page:

Results: 1 to 50 of 50

To FILTER: Use the pale green row to filter the results on this page. Type in text or select from the year list.

Rows matching filter(s): All
What is this row? 
Data titleYearOriginFile typeDownloadkml/kmz
Ramey,E.M., Ramey, R.R., Brown, L.M. and Kelley, S.T. 2013. Desert-dwelling African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia dig wells to purify drinking water. Pachyderm, 53: 66-72
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article518 kb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2003. Seasonal distributions and social dynamics of elephants in the Hoanib River catchment, northwestern Namibia. African Zoology, 38(2): 305-316
  » More info & related results
2003 Journal Article
Dahan, O., Tatarsky, B., Enzel, Y., Kulls, C., Seely, M. and Benito, G. 2008. Dynamics of Flood Water Infiltration and Ground Water Recharge in Hyperarid Desert. Ground Water, 46(3): 450-461
  » More info & related results
2008 Journal Article
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2003. Does land use matter in an arid envrionment? A case study from the Hoanib River catchment, north-western Namibia. Journal of Arid Environments, 53(4): 529-543
  » More info & related results
2003 Journal Article
Jacobson, K.M., Jacobson, P.J. and Miller, O.K. 1999. The autecology of Battarrea stevenii in ephemeral rivers of southwestern Africa. Mycological Research, 103(1): 9–17
  » More info & related results
1999 Journal Article
van Dijk, D.E. 1975. Habitats and dispersal of southern African Anura. African Zoology, 12(1): 169-181
  » More info & related results
1975 Journal Article401 kb pdf
Preview
Passmore, N.I. 1975. The vocalizations and breeding behaviour of Ptychadena taenioscelis. The Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa, 14(1): 13-14
  » More info & related results
1975 Journal Article
Demasius, E. 2014. On Big Foot's trail through the Hoanib River, September 2013. Lanioturdus, 47(4): 25-27
  » More info & related results
2014 Journal Article383 kb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2001. Hoanib River Catchment Study, Northwestern Namibia - Soil. DRFN Occasional Paper, 14
  » More info & related results
2001 Report7.41 mb pdf
Preview
Chase, M. 2007. Aerial wildlife census of the Caprivi River systems: A survey of rivers, wetlands and floodplains - September 2007
  » More info & related results
2007 Report4.5 mb pdf
Preview
Bester, M.N., Bosman, A.C., Snyman, L.P., Wege, M., Van der Merwe, D. and Postma, M. 2011. Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus in the Fish River Canyon, Namibia. Ornithological Observations, 2: 1-2
  » More info & related results
2011 Journal Article52 kb pdf
Preview
Loutit, R. 1991. Western flowing ephemeral rivers and their importance to wetlands in Namibia. Madoqua, 17(2): 135-140
  » More info & related results
1991 Journal Article589 kb pdf
Preview
Viljoen, P.J. 1987. Status and past and present distribution of elephants in the Kaokoveld, South West Africa/Namibia. African Zoology, 22(4): 247-257
  » More info & related results
1987 Journal Article606 kb pdf
Preview
Lindeque, M. and Scheepers, J.L. 1992. Use of Datura innoxia by ungulates in the Hoanib River, Namibia. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 22(2): 45-48
  » More info & related results
1992 Journal Article686 kb pdf
Preview
Loutit, R. and Douglas-Hamilton, I. 1992. Report on an elephant count in the Cunene province, Namibia
  » More info & related results
1992DRFN DLIBReport12.84 mb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J., and Schneider, S. 2004. A study of animal movement in the Hoanib River catchment, northwestern Namibia. African Zoology, 39(1): 1-11
  » More info & related results
2004DRFN DLIBJournal Article5.54 mb pdf
Preview
Hellwig, D.H.R. 1973. Evaluation of water from sand, 3: The loss of water into the atmosphere from a sandy river bed under arid climatic condition. Journal of Hydrology, 18: 305-316
  » More info & related results
1973DRFN DLIBJournal Article346 kb pdf
Preview
Seely, M.K., Buskirk, W.H.m Hamilton, W.J.III. and Dixon, J.E.W. 1981. Lower Kuiseb River perennial vegetation survey. Journal of the South West Africa Scientific Society, 35: 57-86
  » More info & related results
1981DRFN DLIBJournal Article3.24 mb pdf
Preview
Jacobson, K. 1994. Fungi in the desert. Namib Bulletin, 11: 9-12
  » More info & related results
1994DRFN DLIBJournal Article1.27 mb pdf
Preview
Makuti, O. 2004. Pod production of Acacia erioloba and Acacia albida at Gobabeb and Swartbank in the Kuiseb River. BTech report. Polytechnic of Namibia, Windhoek
  » More info & related results
2004DRFN DLIBReport14.55 mb pdf
Preview
Dantu, S. 2003. Ugab birding week. Lanioturdus, 36(3): 5-6
  » More info & related results
2003 Journal Article246 kb pdf
Preview
Brown, C.J. 2005. High density of Dusky Sunbirds in ephemeral river course in the Namib. Lanioturdus, 38(1): 4-6
  » More info & related results
2005 Journal Article304 kb pdf
Preview
Viljoen, P.J. 1981. The ecology of the desert-dwelling elephants, black Rhinoceroses and giraffes of western Kaokoland and Damaraland, South-West Africa. Progress Report No. 2
  » More info & related results
1981 Report1.03 mb pdf
Preview
Schachtschneider, K. and February, E.C. 2010. The relationship between fog, floods, groundwater and tree growth along the lower Kuiseb River in the hyperarid Namib. Journal of Arid Environments, 74(12): 1632-1637
  » More info & related results
2010 Journal Article
Vetter, S. 2001. Angolan Mopane woodlands (AT0702)
  » More info & related results
2001 Report
Mudumu National Park - Profile
  » More info & related results
Ministry of Environment and TourismBook, Book Section, Booklet189 kb pdf
Preview
Lange, J. 2005. Dynamics of transmission losses in a large arid stream channel. Journal of Hydrology, 306(1-4): 112–126
  » More info & related results
2005DRFN DLIBJournal Article
Heyns, P. Water Conservation in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
  » More info & related results
 Report
Seely, M. 1973. Kuiseb River life sustaining barrier. SWA Annual, 153-157
  » More info & related results
1973DRFN DLIBJournal Article310 kb pdf
Preview
Burke, A. 2005. Endemic plants of the arid succulent karoo in Namibia: towards hypotheses for their evolution. Ecography, 28(2): 171–180
  » More info & related results
2005 Journal Article
Lloyd, P. 2004. Variation in nest predation among arid-zone birds. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 75(4): 228-235
  » More info & related results
2004 Journal Article
Penrith, M.J. 1976. First confirmed record of Lithognathus lithognathus sympatric with L. aureti (Pisces: Sparidae). Madoqua, 9(3): 53-54
  » More info & related results
1976 Journal Article139 kb pdf
Preview
Henshaw, C. 1997. A possible new impact feature in the Okavango Delta. Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 107(2): 72-74
  » More info & related results
1997 Journal Article238 kb pdf
Preview
Mosepele, K., Moyle, P.B., Merron, G.S., Purkey, D.R. and Mosepele, B. 2009. Fish, Floods, and Ecosystem Engineers: Aquatic Conservation in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. BioScience, 59(1): 53-64
  » More info & related results
2009 Journal Article5.43 mb pdf
Preview
Craig, G.C. 1998. Aerial census of wildlife in Northern Namibia, August-November 1998. Division of Specialist Support services, In Colaboration with Directorate of Resource Management, Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia
  » More info & related results
1998 Report17.68 mb pdf
Preview
Demasius, E. 2013. A New Owl in the Swakop River. Lanioturdus, 46(4): 4-6
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article852 kb pdf
Preview
Campbell, A. 1981. A comment on Kalahari wildlife and the Khukhe fence. Botswana Notes and Records, 13: 111-118
  » More info & related results
1981 Journal Article
Merron, G.S. 1993. A synopsis of presentations and discussions on the fish and fishery in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records, 25: 133-140
  » More info & related results
1993 Journal Article
Hall, H. 1950. Plant collecting in the Kaokoveld. Veld and Flora, 36: 14
  » More info & related results
1950 Journal Article392 kb pdf
Preview
van Langenhove, G., de Bruine, B., Rukira, L., and Hatutale, A. 1996. Flow régime changes in Namibian rivers: patterns, effects and possible causes
  » More info & related results
1996DRFN DLIBReport4.6 mb pdf
Preview
Wilkinson, M. J. 1988. Tertiary events in the Tumas River basin, central Namib Desert: geology and geomorphology of the Naarip plain. Conference Proceedings. Symposium on the geomorphology of Southern Africa. Southern African landscapes: a geomorphological field guide. Transkei, 137-164
  » More info & related results
1998 Presentation
Hüser, K. 1976. Kalkkrusten im Namib-Randbereich des mittleren Südwestafrika. Methodische Probleme ihrer Geländeanalyse und ihr morphologischer Aussagewert. Geomethodica, 15: 51-81
  » More info & related results
1976DRFN DLIBJournal Article16.28 mb pdf
Preview
Korn, H. and Martin, H. 1955. The Pleistocene in South-West Africa. The third Pan-African Congress on Prehistory, Pan-African Society of Prehistory. Published by the Pan-African Society of Prehistory, 14-22
  » More info & related results
1955DRFN DLIBReport5.53 mb pdf
Preview
The Kuiseb environment project: an update of the hydrological, geohydrological and plant ecological aspects. Hydrology Division, Department of Water Affairs, Windhoek
  » More info & related results
1987DRFN DLIBReport24.28 mb pdf
Preview
Thomson, N. 2009. Some Highlights of a Birding/Ringing Trip to the Kunene. Lanioturdus, 42(1): 20-24
  » More info & related results
2009 Journal Article332 kb pdf
Preview
Simmons, R.E. 2001. Namibia wetland bird counts: January, April and July 2000. Lanioturdus, 34(2): 19-23
  » More info & related results
2001 Journal Article441 kb pdf
Preview
Revermann, R. 2016. Analysis of vegetation and plant diversity patterns in the Okavango Basin at different spatial scales: Integration of field based methods, remote sensing information and ecological modelling. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Mathematics, Informatics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology of the University of Hamburg
  » More info & related results
2016 Thesis18.19 mb pdf
Preview
Kolberg, H. 1982. Der Namibgarten und die dort beobachteten Vögel. Mitteilungen Ornithologische Arbeitsgruppe SWA Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, 18(1): 1-2
  » More info & related results
1982Bibliography compiled by Bird Database ProjectJournal Article147 kb pdf
Preview
Maclean, G.L. 1973. Arid zone adaptations in southern African birds. Mitteilung Ornithologische Arbeitsgruppe SWA Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, 9(7/8): 4-5
  » More info & related results
1973 Journal Article258 kb pdf
Preview
Suhling, F. and Marais, E. 2010. Crenigomphus kavangoensis sp. nov. from the Okavango River, Namibia (Odonata: Gomphidae). International Journal of Odonatology, 13(2): 267-276
  » More info & related results
2010 Journal Article1.26 mb pdf
Preview

» Links to useful free software for working with shapefiles, kml and kmz files, pdf files and more.