More information:

Leggett, K.E.A., Brown, L.M. and Ramey, R.R. 2011. Matriarchal associations and reproduction in a remnant subpopulation of desert-dwelling elephants. Pachyderm, 49: 20-32


Description:

Matriarchal associations and reproduction in a remnant subpopulation of desert-dwelling elephants.

Summary / Notes:

This study focused on a subpopulation of desert-dwelling elephants in the Kunene region of north-western Namibia, where rainfall and resources are scarce, and the rate of reproduction and recruitment is low. This subpopulation can be considered a remnant; its oldest members are survivors of the war-related poaching that occurred in the region during the 1970s and 1980s, and its numbers have still not recovered to pre-war levels. Unlike less disturbed elephant populations with strong, multi-tiered matrilineal associations, previous research suggested that the associations in the Kunene subpopulation involved only loose affiliations lacking strong social bonds. Taking that study a step further, this manuscript examines the social structure of all adult females (n=14) in the subpopulation, based on observational data combined with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data. A network analysis was generated from nearly eight years of association data. It was found that female desert-dwelling elephants live in first-tier/family units or small second-tier/family groups, and in at least two cases these include unrelated adult females. Associations at the level of third-tier/bond groups are rare and transitory, and there was no evidence of these being dominated by a single female or matriarch. The matrilineal social structure in this subpopulation is consistent with reports from other poached or culled elephant populations in Africa. Collectively, the results of these studies are inconsistent with the classic model of elephant social structure—stable, strictly matrilineal societies—especially in cases where poaching or culling has occurred, even if it transpired decades previously. Keywords: matriarchal associations, desert-dwelling elephants, Namibia.

Year: 2011

Type: Journal Article

URL: http://www.pachydermjournal.org/index.php/pachy/article/view/208


Top 50 related results:

You may also be interested in the following items which are on a similar or related topic, listed in order of similarity.

Results per page:

Results: 1 to 50 of 50

To FILTER: Use the pale green row to filter the results on this page. Type in text or select from the year list.

Rows matching filter(s): All
What is this row? 
Data titleYearOriginFile typeDownloadkml/kmz
Ramey,E.M., Ramey, R.R., Brown, L.M. and Kelley, S.T. 2013. Desert-dwelling African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia dig wells to purify drinking water. Pachyderm, 53: 66-72
  » More info & related results
2013 Journal Article518 kb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2003. Seasonal distributions and social dynamics of elephants in the Hoanib River catchment, northwestern Namibia. African Zoology, 38(2): 305-316
  » More info & related results
2003 Journal Article
Dahan, O., Tatarsky, B., Enzel, Y., Kulls, C., Seely, M. and Benito, G. 2008. Dynamics of Flood Water Infiltration and Ground Water Recharge in Hyperarid Desert. Ground Water, 46(3): 450-461
  » More info & related results
2008 Journal Article
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2003. Does land use matter in an arid envrionment? A case study from the Hoanib River catchment, north-western Namibia. Journal of Arid Environments, 53(4): 529-543
  » More info & related results
2003 Journal Article
Jacobson, K.M., Jacobson, P.J. and Miller, O.K. 1999. The autecology of Battarrea stevenii in ephemeral rivers of southwestern Africa. Mycological Research, 103(1): 9–17
  » More info & related results
1999 Journal Article
van Dijk, D.E. 1975. Habitats and dispersal of southern African Anura. African Zoology, 12(1): 169-181
  » More info & related results
1975 Journal Article401 kb pdf
Preview
Passmore, N.I. 1975. The vocalizations and breeding behaviour of Ptychadena taenioscelis. The Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa, 14(1): 13-14
  » More info & related results
1975 Journal Article
Demasius, E. 2014. On Big Foot's trail through the Hoanib River, September 2013. Lanioturdus, 47(4): 25-27
  » More info & related results
2014 Journal Article383 kb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J. and Schneider, S. 2001. Hoanib River Catchment Study, Northwestern Namibia - Soil. DRFN Occasional Paper, 14
  » More info & related results
2001 Report7.41 mb pdf
Preview
Chase, M. 2007. Aerial wildlife census of the Caprivi River systems: A survey of rivers, wetlands and floodplains - September 2007
  » More info & related results
2007 Report4.5 mb pdf
Preview
Bester, M.N., Bosman, A.C., Snyman, L.P., Wege, M., Van der Merwe, D. and Postma, M. 2011. Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus in the Fish River Canyon, Namibia. Ornithological Observations, 2: 1-2
  » More info & related results
2011 Journal Article52 kb pdf
Preview
Loutit, R. 1991. Western flowing ephemeral rivers and their importance to wetlands in Namibia. Madoqua, 17(2): 135-140
  » More info & related results
1991 Journal Article589 kb pdf
Preview
Viljoen, P.J. 1987. Status and past and present distribution of elephants in the Kaokoveld, South West Africa/Namibia. African Zoology, 22(4): 247-257
  » More info & related results
1987 Journal Article606 kb pdf
Preview
Lindeque, M. and Scheepers, J.L. 1992. Use of Datura innoxia by ungulates in the Hoanib River, Namibia. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 22(2): 45-48
  » More info & related results
1992 Journal Article686 kb pdf
Preview
Loutit, R. and Douglas-Hamilton, I. 1992. Report on an elephant count in the Cunene province, Namibia
  » More info & related results
1992DRFN DLIBReport12.84 mb pdf
Preview
Leggett, K., Fennessy, J., and Schneider, S. 2004. A study of animal movement in the Hoanib River catchment, northwestern Namibia. African Zoology, 39(1): 1-11
  » More info & related results
2004DRFN DLIBJournal Article5.54 mb pdf
Preview
Hellwig, D.H.R. 1973. Evaluation of water from sand, 3: The loss of water into the atmosphere from a sandy river bed under arid climatic condition. Journal of Hydrology, 18: 305-316
  » More info & related results
1973DRFN DLIBJournal Article346 kb pdf
Preview
Seely, M.K., Buskirk, W.H.m Hamilton, W.J.III. and Dixon, J.E.W. 1981. Lower Kuiseb River perennial vegetation survey. Journal of the South West Africa Scientific Society, 35: 57-86
  » More info & related results
1981DRFN DLIBJournal Article3.24 mb pdf
Preview
Jacobson, K. 1994. Fungi in the desert. Namib Bulletin, 11: 9-12
  » More info & related results
1994DRFN DLIBJournal Article1.27 mb pdf
Preview
Makuti, O. 2004. Pod production of Acacia erioloba and Acacia albida at Gobabeb and Swartbank in the Kuiseb River. BTech report. Polytechnic of Namibia, Windhoek
  » More info & related results
2004DRFN DLIBReport14.55 mb pdf
Preview
Dantu, S. 2003. Ugab birding week. Lanioturdus, 36(3): 5-6
  » More info & related results
2003 Journal Article246 kb pdf
Preview
Brown, C.J. 2005. High density of Dusky Sunbirds in ephemeral river course in the Namib. Lanioturdus, 38(1): 4-6
  » More info & related results
2005 Journal Article304 kb pdf
Preview
Viljoen, P.J. 1981. The ecology of the desert-dwelling elephants, black Rhinoceroses and giraffes of western Kaokoland and Damaraland, South-West Africa. Progress Report No. 2
  » More info & related results
1981 Report1.03 mb pdf
Preview
Schachtschneider, K. and February, E.C. 2010. The relationship between fog, floods, groundwater and tree growth along the lower Kuiseb River in the hyperarid Namib. Journal of Arid Environments, 74(12): 1632-1637
  » More info & related results
2010 Journal Article
Mamili (Nkasa Lupala) and Mudumu National Parks - just add water
  » More info & related results
Ministry of Environment and TourismBook, Book Section, Booklet238 kb pdf
Preview
Heyns, P. Water Conservation in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
  » More info & related results
 Report
Moser, P.M. 2006. Regeneration and utilization of Faidherbia albida and Acacia erioloba along ephemeral rivers of Namibia. Ecology and Development Series No. 42, Cuvillier Verlag Göttingen
  » More info & related results
2006 Report10.05 mb pdf
Preview
Seely, M. 1973. Kuiseb River life sustaining barrier. SWA Annual, 153-157
  » More info & related results
1973DRFN DLIBJournal Article310 kb pdf
Preview
Viljoen, P.J. 1989. Spatial distribution and movements of elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the northern Namib Desert region of the Kaokoveld, South West Africa/Namibia. Journal of Zoology, 219(1): 1–19
  » More info & related results
1989 Journal Article
Burke, A. 2005. Endemic plants of the arid succulent karoo in Namibia: towards hypotheses for their evolution. Ecography, 28(2): 171–180
  » More info & related results
2005 Journal Article
Stander, P.E., Tsisaba, G.D. 1997. Tracking and the interpretation of spoor: a scientifically sound method in ecology. Journal of Zoology, 242(2): 329–341
  » More info & related results
1997 Journal Article330 kb pdf
Preview
Barnes, M.E. 2001. Effects of large herbivores and fire on the regeneration of Acacia erioloba woodlands in Chobe National Park, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, 39(4): 340–350
  » More info & related results
2001 Journal Article
Gess, S.K. and Gess, F.W. 2004. The distributions of the genera of pollen wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) in the semi-arid to arid areas of southern Africa in relation to their requirements for successful nesting. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 59(2): 59-64
  » More info & related results
2004 Journal Article
Lloyd, P. 2004. Variation in nest predation among arid-zone birds. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 75(4): 228-235
  » More info & related results
2004 Journal Article
Kramer, B. and Swartz, E.R. 2010. A new species of Slender Stonebasher within the Hippopotamyrus ansorgii complex from the Cunene River in southern Africa (Teleostei: Mormyriformes). Journal of Natural History, 44(35-36): 2213-2242
  » More info & related results
2010 Journal Article
Ebedes, H. 1975. The immobilization of adult male and female elephant Loxodonta africana, Blumenbach with etorphine and observation on the action of diprenorphine. Madoqua, 9(2): 19-24
  » More info & related results
1975 Journal Article511 kb pdf
Preview
Heinemeyer, K.S. and Karimi, R. 2012. Kunene Regional Ecological Analyses: Assisting Conservancies with Seasonal Wildlife Monitoring. Progress and Methods. Assisting Conservancies with Seasonal Wildlife Monitoring - Round River Conservation Studies
  » More info & related results
2012 Report1.64 mb pdf
Preview
Chemonics International. 2013. Trip Report: Aquatic biodiversity survey of the lower Cuito and Cuando river systems in Angola. This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development
  » More info & related results
2013 Report884 kb pdf
Preview
Ward, J.D. and Breen, C.M. 1983. Drought stress and the demise of Acacia albida along the lower Kuiseb river, central Namib Desert: preliminary findings. South African Journal of Science, 79(11): 444-447
  » More info & related results
1983 Journal Article562 kb pdf
Preview
Teller, J.T. and Lancaster, N. 1987. Description of late Cenozoic sediments at Narabeb, Central Namib Desert. Madoqua, 15(2): 163-167
  » More info & related results
1987DRFN DLIBJournal Article1.66 mb pdf
Preview
Eichler, H. 1990. Von Wasser und Wind in der zentralen Namib (Namibia) - Bemerkungen zum wenig beachteten Feuchtehaushalt in den Dünensanden einer Nebelwüste. Mainzer Geographische Studien, 34: 61-76
  » More info & related results
1990 Journal Article9.4 mb pdf
Preview
Kayser, K. 1970. Namib-Studien: Beobachtungen und Überlegungen auf einer Fahrt vom Naukluft-Gebirge zum Kuiseb und der Wüstenforschungsstation Gobabeb. Festschrift für Erwin Gentz zum 65. Geburtstag am 25. September 1970. Deutsche Geographische Forschung in der Welt von Heute, 181-192
  » More info & related results
1970DRFN DLIBReport7.75 mb pdf
Preview
Friederich, G. 1997. Eine Woche bei den Popa Fällen. Lanioturdus, 30(2): 21-24
  » More info & related results
1997 Journal Article344 kb pdf
Preview
Mallet-Veale, S. 1996. Diary of a trip to Shakawe and Caprivi. Lanioturdus, 29(1): 34-37
  » More info & related results
1996 Journal Article277 kb pdf
Preview
Lyet, A., Slabbert, R., Versfeld, W.F., Leslie, A.J., Beytell, P.C. and Du Preez, P. 2016. Using a Binomial Mixture Model and Aerial Counts for an Accurate Estimate of Nile Crocodile Abundance and Population Size in the Kunene River, Namibia. African Journal of Wildlife Research, 46(2): 71-86
  » More info & related results
2016 Journal Article4.13 mb pdf
Preview
Ishida, Y., Van Coeverden de Groot, P.J., Leggett, K.E.A., Putnam, A.S., Fox, V.E., Lai, J., Boag, P.T., Georgiadis, N.J. and Roca, A.L. 2016. Genetic connectivity across marginal habitats: the elephants of the Namib Desert. Ecology and Evolution, 6(17): 6189–6201
  » More info & related results
2016 Journal Article494 kb pdf
Preview
Döderlein, L. 1908. Asterina lüderitziana, eine neue Art aus Sudwest-Afrika. Jahrbuecher Des Vereins Fuer Naturkunde Wiesbaden, 61: 296-298
  » More info & related results
1908 Journal Article585 kb pdf
Preview
February, E., Shadwell, E., Viljoen, S. and Hattas, D. 2017. Feeding choices and impacts of extralimital giraffe on two keystone tree species in the Kgalagadi National Park. Koedoe, 59(1), a1454
  » More info & related results
2017 Journal Article1.35 mb pdf
Preview
Stander, P. 2000. Conservation of lions and other large carnivores in the Kunene Region, Namibia: Population ecology and long term monitoring of free-ranging populations in a marginal and arid environment. Quarterly Report, January 2000
  » More info & related results
2000 Report638 kb pdf
Preview
Zessin, W. 2018. Am Vogelfederberg (Namibia): einem Extremstandort für Triops granarius (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Notostraca). Conference Paper: 3. Großbranciopodentreffen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Neubrandenburg vom 24.-25.3.2018.- Allgemeines- Veranstaltungsplan Abstrakts, Kurzfassungen der Vorträge: 2 S., 2 Abb., Neubrandenburg
  » More info & related results
2018 Report405 kb pdf
Preview

» Links to useful free software for working with shapefiles, kml and kmz files, pdf files and more.