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Heine, K. and Walter, R. 1996. Gypcretes of the central Namib Desert, Namibia. In: Palaeoecology of Africa and the surrounding islands, Rotterdam, A.A.Balkema


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Gypcretes of the central Namib Desert, Namibia.

Summary / Notes:

The arid Namib Desert (ca. 15°S-29°S) stretches along the Atlantic coast of south-western Africa. The first comprehensive investigation of the widespread gypcretes of the central Namib Desert prove that: 1. The gypcretes are of pedogenic origin; fog precipitation carries sulphur from the Atlantic to the desert where gypsum is formed in soils that contain carbonate from eolian input; 2. The formation of gypcretes is very slow as is deduced from gypcretes on river terraces with an age of 10 ka BP; 3. The gypcretes document that during the last 100,000 years, at least, no major humid phases interrupted the gypcrete development; 4. The paleoclimatic interpretation of the gypcrete profiles shows that more than 100,000 years the central Namib Desert experienced an arid climate; this is supported by other evidence. Keywords: Namibia, Namib Desert, Kuiseb River, desert environment, climate, geomorphology, gypcrete deposit, gypsum, soil, sedimentation, geomorphology, aeolian actions, aeolian deposit, Quaternary, erosion, palaeoenvironment.

Year: 1996

Type: Book, Book Section, Booklet

Origin: DRFN DLIB

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