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Gingele, F.X. 1996. Holocene climatic optimum in Southwest Africa-evidence from the marine clay mineral record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 122: 77-87


Description:

Holocene climatic optimum in Southwest Africa-evidence from the marine clay mineral record.

Summary / Notes:

Sediment composition, grain size and clay mineral record of a high-resolution sediment core from the continental slope off Namibia was investigated to gain information on the deposition of terrigenous matter in this part of the Southwest African continental margin during the last 18 k.y. The depositional processes involved are fluvial input by the Kunene River and eolian input from the Namib and Kalahari deserts, each supplying characteristic mineral suites. During low sea level, erosion of the exposed shelf yields additional material. The amount of eolian or fluvial matter depends on the strength of the transport process, which is a function of aridity or humidity of the source area, thus allowing paleoclimatic interpretations. Arid conditions prevailed during a low sea level from 18 to 15 ka and unconsolidated shelf sediment was mobilized and supplied to the slope by short-distance transport by southerly winds. Keywords: marine clay, Holocene, Southwest Africa, Kalahari, Kunene river.

Year: 1996

Type: Journal Article

Origin: DRFN DLIB

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031018296000764


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