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GEMET

The keyword system used is based on GEMET (GEneral Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus) - a thesaurus system developed for the European Topic Centre on Catalogue of Data Sources and the European Environment Agency. It contains over 5,000 keywords, organised in a hierarchical structure under 40 themes.

For this EIS, some additional keywords have been added to the GEMET to cater for some Namibian and southern African concepts that were not adequately covered.

For more information on GEMET go to the EIONET website.

Keyword system used in the EIS

Keywords within theme: Biology

» Go back to themes

Keywords which are highlighted have been used to categorise data sets in the EIS.


Click here to revise keyword criteria Click on any keyword to view the documents which the EIS contains under that keyword.


abiotic factor

accidental release of organisms

accumulation in body tissues

adaptable species

aerobic condition

aerobic process

aerobiology

age

agricultural biotechnology

agricultural ecology

agricultural pest

alga

algal bloom

alveolus

amphibian

anaerobic condition

anaerobic process

anatomy

angiosperm

animal

animal behaviour

animal biology

animal conservatory

animal corridor

animal damage

animal disease

animal displacement

animal ecology

animal for slaughter

animal genetics

animal habitat

animal health

animal heritage

animal life

animal migration

animal noise

animal nutrition

animal physiology

animal population

animal protection

animal reproduction

animal resource

animal rights

animal species

animal species reintroduction

annelid

antagonism

antagonistic effect of toxic substances

Antarctic ecosystem

antibody

applied ecology

aquatic animal

aquatic ecology

aquatic ecosystem

aquatic mammal

aquatic micro-organism

aquatic organism

aquatic plant

arboretum

Arctic ecosystem

arid land ecosystem

arthropod

Articulata

assimilation

autoecology

avifauna

bacteriological pollution

bacteriology

bacterium

balance of matter

basidiomycete

bastardisation of fauna

bastardisation of flora

beaching

bee

bee conservation

beef cattle

beetle

behaviour

behaviour pattern

beneficial organism

benthic ecosystem

benthos

big game

bio-availability

bioaccumulation

bioaccumulative pollutant

bioclimatology

biocoenosis

bioconcentration factor

biodegradability

biodegradation

biodiversity

bioethics

biogeochemical cycle

biogeography

biological activity

biological analysis

biological attribute

biological contamination

biological cycle

biological development

biological effect

biological effect of pollution

biological engineering

biological heritage

biological indicator

biological monitoring

biological nitrogen fixation

biological pollutant

biological pollution

biological process

biological production

biological reserve

biological resource

biological test

biological wastewater treatment

biological water balance

biological weapon

biology

bioluminescence

biomarker

biomass

biophysics

biorhythm

biosafety

biosphere

biosphere reserve

biosynthesis

biotechnological hazard

biotechnology

biotic factor

biotic index

biotope

biotope network

biotope order

biotope protection

bird

bird of prey

bird sanctuary

bird species

bird species which interacts with powerlines

blood (tissue)

blue-green alga

botanical conservatory

botany

bovid

bovine

breeding

breeding bird

broad-leaved tree

brooding

bryophyte

bug

butterfly

canid

carbon cycle

cardiovascular system

carnivore

carry-over effect

category of endangered species

cattle

cell (biology)

cephalopod

cetacean

chelicerate

chestnut

chiropteran

chlorophyll

chlorosis

chordate

chorology

chrysophyta

climatic effect

climax

climbing plant (wall)

cloning

coastal ecosystem

coastal environment

cockroach

coelenterate

cold zone ecosystem

coliform bacterium

colonisation

colubrid

combination effect

competition (biological)

conifer

coniferous tree

conservation of genetic resources

conservation of species

controlled hunting zone

coral

critically endangered (IUCN)

crocodile

crossing place for animals

crustacean

cryptogam

cultivated plant

cytology

data deficient (IUCN)

deciduous tree

decontamination

deer

defoliation

dendrochronology

dendrometry

dermapteran

desert locust

diatom

differentiation

dipteran

distribution area

DNA

dog

domesticated animal

dragonfly

draught animal

earthworm

earwig

echinoderm

eco-balance

ecological abundance

ecological adaptation

ecological assessment

ecological balance

ecological carrying capacity

ecological community

ecological factor

ecological niche

ecological parameter

ecological stocktaking

ecology

ecosystem

ecosystem analysis

ecosystem degradation

ecosystem type

ecotoxicological evaluation

ecotype

ecozone

edaphology

egg

embryo

embryogenesis

endangered animal species

endangered plant species

endangered species (IUCN)

endemic species

endocrine system

enterovirus

environmental assessment

environmental assessment criterion

environmental criterion

environmental impact of fishing

environmental monitoring

enzyme

equine

estuarine biology

estuarine ecosystem

ethnology

ethology

eutrophication

evapotranspiration

evolution

exotic species

extinct in the wild (IUCN)

extinct species (IUCN)

extinction (ecological)

faecal bacterium

farm animal

fauna

fauna restoration

felid

fern

fish

fish disease

fish stock

fish toxicity

fishery resource

fishing preserve

flea

flora (biology)

flora (document)

flora restoration

flower

flowering plant

fodder plant

foliage

food chain

forest cover destruction

forest deterioration

forest ecology

forest ecosystem

forest pest

forest reserve

fossil

fouling growth

freshwater ecosystem

freshwater organism

frog

fruit

fruit tree

fungus

fur animal

gallinacean

game (animals)

gastropod

gene

gene bank

genetic diversity

genetic effect

genetic engineering

genetic engineering legislation

genetic information

genetic modification

genetic pool

genetic resource

genetic variation

genetically modified organism

genetics

geogenic factor

germ

germ plasm

germination

grain

graminaceous plant

grass

grasshopper

grassland ecosystem

green tide

gymnosperm

habitat

habitat destruction

health-related biotechnology

hearing (sense)

hearing acuity

hearing system

herbivore

highland ecosystem

horse

human body

human ecology

hybridisation

hydrobiology

hymenopteran

immune system

immunoassay

immunology

in situ

in vitro assay

in vivo assay

indicator of environmental management

indigenous forest

industrial plant (organism)

infection

insect

insectivore

interaction of pesticides

internationally important ecosystem

introduction of animal species

introduction of plant species

invertebrate

island ecosystem

land ecology

land mammal

landscape ecology

leaf

least concern (IUCN)

lepidopteran

lichen

life cycle

life science

lipid

livestock

lizard

loss of biotope

lower risk species (IUCN)

lymphatic system

macrophyte

malformation

mammal

mangrove

mapping of lichens

marine biology

marine ecology

marine ecosystem

marine fauna

marine mammal

marine organism

marsupial

medicinal plant

membrane

metabolism

metabolism of pesticides

metabolite

micro-organism

microbial resource

microbiological analysis

microbiology

microecosystem

migratory bird

migratory fish

migratory species

mineralisation

mite

molecular biology

mollusc

morphology

mortality

moss

mountain ecosystem

muscular system

mushroom

mustelid

mutagenic substance

mutant

mutated micro-organisms release

mutation

mycete

mycology

mycorrhiza

natural heritage

natural regeneration

nature conservation

nature protection

nematode

nervous system

nesting

nesting area

nitrification

nitrogen cycle

nitrogen fixation

noise effect

non-target organism

nucleic acid

nutrient

nutrient balance

nutrient cycle

nutrient medium

oak

odonate

ontogenesis

organ

organic matter

organism

ornithology

orthopteran

osmosis

overfishing

overwintering

ovine

palaeoecology

parasite

parasitology

pathogen

pathogenic organism

pathologic effect

periphyton

permafrost ecosystem

persistence of pesticides

pest

pesticide pathway

pet

phanerogam

pheromone

photosynthesis

phytomass

phytopathology

phytoplankton

phytosociology

phytotoxicity

pinniped

plankton

plant (biology)

plant biology

plant community

plant component

plant disease

plant ecology

plant genetics

plant heritage

plant life

plant physiology

plant population

plant protection

plant reproduction

plant resource

plant species

plant species reintroduction

plantigrade

poison

polar ecosystem

pollen

population (ecological)

population dynamics

population ecology

poriferan

posidonia

poultry

predator

primate

proboscidean

procaryote

protected species

protection of animals

protection of birds

protection of species

protozoan

radiation damage

radiation effect

radiation exposure

rape (plant)

rare species

reactor

recombinant DNA technology

red list

reed

reintroduction

release of organisms

reproduction (biological)

reproductive manipulation

reptile

resinous plant

resistance (biological)

resorption

respiration

respiratory air

respiratory system

respiratory tract

resting form

rice

ringing (wildlife)

riverside vegetation

rodent

root

running wild

salamander

salmonella

saprobe

saprobic index

scientific ecology

sea grass bed

secondary biotope

seed (biology)

semi-arid land ecosystem

shellfish

shelter

skin

sleep

snake

soil biology

soil organism

songbird

spawning ground

specialisation (biological)

species

species conservation programme

species impoverishment

species reintroduction

spider

state biological reserve

sterilisation (biological)

stock (biological)

stress

structure-activity relationship

subtropical ecosystem

survival

swans, geese and ducks

symbiosis

synecology

synergism

synergistic effect of toxic substances

target group

taxonomy

temperate ecosystem

teratogenic substance

termite

terrestrial ecosystem

territory

test animal

test organism

textile plant

threshold value

tissue

toad

tobacco

tortoise

toxic effect

toxicity

tracheophyte

transhumance

transpiration

trapping

tree

trophic ecology

trophic level

tropical ecosystem

tropical forest ecosystem

tropical plant

ungulate

upbringing

urban ecology

urban ecology charter

urban ecosystem

urban habitat

ursid

vanished species

vector of human diseases

vegetation

vegetation cover

vegetation level

vegetation type

vermin

vertebrate

virology

virus

vulnerable species (IUCN)

warm-blooded animal

water flea

water hyacinth

waterfowl

weed

wetlands ecosystem

whale

wild animal

wild fauna

wild plant

wildlife

wildlife conservation

wildlife habitat

wildlife population statistics

wildlife protection

wildlife sanctuary

woodland ecosystem

xenobiotic substance

yeast

zoology