Summary details for Artefact


All archaeological sites and remains in Namibia are protected by law (National Heritage Act 27 of 2004). Some incidental protection is provided by the Environmental Management Act (7 of 2007) which includes man-made features in its definition of the environment.

Recorders should not collect anything from the site, ever.

You should never moisten paintings to enhance them for photography.


 

Artefact

The most abundant traces of human occupation in the Namib Desert are stone artefacts. These are easily recognised as isolated finds and as surface scatters on the gravel plains of the Namib. Stone artefacts were made by removing flakes from a selected core, or block of raw material, using precise blows that leave unmistakeable evidence of human manufacture. Similar breakage patterns very rarely occur in nature. Over time, methods of artefact production became more sophisticated and the different techniques of flaking provide some indication of age. Other artefacts include metal items and objects obtained through trade such as glass beads, porcelain etc as these are a helpful indication of age.

Artefact in situ with scale
Artefact in situ with scale © Photo: J. Kinahan
A dense scatter of late Pleistocene artefact debris
A dense scatter of late Pleistocene artefact debris © Photo: J. Kinahan
Grindstone
Grindstone © Photo: J. Kinahan
Holocene core flake
Holocene core flake © Photo: J. Kinahan
Holocene microlithic artefact
Holocene microlithic artefact © Photo: J. Kinahan
Late pleistocene artefact
Late pleistocene artefact © Photo: J. Kinahan
Blade flake with terminal retouch (end Pleistocene  <100,000 years)
Blade flake with terminal retouch (end Pleistocene <100,000 years) © Photo: J. Kinahan
Late pleistocene artefact
Late pleistocene artefact © Photo: J. Kinahan
Late pleistocene artefact
Late pleistocene artefact © Photo: J. Kinahan
Late pleistocene artefact
Late pleistocene artefact © Photo: J. Kinahan
Bifacial hand-axe (late Pleistocene, <500 000 years)
Bifacial hand-axe (late Pleistocene, <500 000 years) © Photo: J. Kinahan
Surface artefact waste scatter
Surface artefact waste scatter © Photo: J. Kinahan
Tabular grinding pestle
Tabular grinding pestle © Photo: J. Kinahan
16th century agricultural pot rim
16th century agricultural pot rim © Photo: J. Kinahan
16th century agricultural pot rim
16th century agricultural pot rim © Photo: J. Kinahan
16th century pottery in situ
16th century pottery in situ © Photo: J. Kinahan
18th century nomadic pastoral clay pot
18th century nomadic pastoral clay pot © Photo: J. Kinahan
18th century nomadic pastoral clay pot
18th century nomadic pastoral clay pot © Photo: J. Kinahan
Grindstone on surface scatter
Grindstone on surface scatter © Photo: J. Kinahan

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